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Reforming WTO Rules on Export Restrictions - Is There Any Point?

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  • Cardwell, Ryan T.
  • Kerr, William A.

Abstract

A number of major agricultural exporting countries responded to high food prices from 2007 to 2010 by imposing export restrictions on agricultural commodities in efforts to constrain domestic food-price inflation. These restrictions reduced the volume of internationally traded food, and exacerbated international price spikes. Net food importing countries were faced with growing import bills, and non-governmental organisations that target food security had to scale back programme commitments and appeal for increased funding. There have subsequently been a chorus of calls for the development of a formal international framework that could discipline the use of agricultural export restrictions; the agreements of the WTO have been targeted as a possible forum for such a framework. We present a framework in which the efficacy of such disciplines can be analysed, and conclude that constraints on agricultural export restrictions are not likely to be effective within the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Understanding.

Suggested Citation

  • Cardwell, Ryan T. & Kerr, William A., 2013. "Reforming WTO Rules on Export Restrictions - Is There Any Point?," Commissioned Papers 158894, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:catpcp:158894
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.158894
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    File URL: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/158894/files/Commissioned%20Paper%202013-07%20Cardwell%20and%20Kerr.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Zahoor ul Haq & Hina Nazli & Karl Meilke, 2008. "Implications of high food prices for poverty in Pakistan," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 39(s1), pages 477-484, November.
    2. Anderson, Kym, 2002. "Peculiarities of retaliation in WTO dispute settlement," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(2), pages 123-134, July.
    3. Cardwell, Ryan T., 2012. "High Food Prices and International Food Assistance," Commissioned Papers 165921, Canadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network.
    4. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, Will & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Measuring distortions to agricultural incentives, revisited," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 7(4), pages 675-704, October.
    5. Anderson, Kym & Kurzweil, Marianne & Martin, William J. & Sandri, Damiano & Valenzuela, Ernesto, 2008. "Methodology for Measuring Distortions to Agricultural Incentives," Agricultural Distortions Working Paper Series 48326, World Bank.
    6. Gordon, Daniel V. & Hannesson, Rognvaldur & Kerr, William A., 2001. "Of fish and whales: the credibility of threats in international trade disputes," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 83-98, January.
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    Keywords

    Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; International Development; International Relations/Trade;
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