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What Drives and Limits Financial Deepening Dynamics? Fresh Empirical-based Policy Lessons for African Sub-Regions

Listed author(s):
  • Christian Lambert Nguena

    ()

    (Association of African Young Economists)

  • Roger Tsafack Nanfosso

    ()

    (Economic Policy Management Program)

By using fresh macroeconomic data and several empirical approaches, this paper provides new evidence about the leading macroeconomic determinants and dynamics of financial deepening in the CEMAC sub-region. For this purpose, we have undertaken consecutively a theoretical model building, an explanatory analysis and an empirical estimation of a microfounded model. Practically, it consisted to use several complementary econometrical techniques - both static and dynamic panel data econometrics accounting for endogeneity, instrumental variables and principle components analysis- to better isolate and identify the determinants of financial deepening. Our main results, which are robust to multiple estimation approach and consistent with prediction of the Neo Keynesian economics, has led to the following global recommendations: firstly, the CEMAC sub-region authorities should implement expansionary policies of GDP growth rate, population density, savings rate and exchange rate. Secondly, they should review their policy of trade liberalization since it appears to be negatively related to financial deepening. Concerning the dynamics aspect, a convergent dynamics and the feasibility of common monetary policy targeting depth in CEMAC sub-region have been highlighted. This paper is original and actual since it highlighted the leading determinants of financial deepening and thus better financial policy recommendations in a context of a less developed financial system and wrong performance in terms of shared prosperity and inclusive economic growth.

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Paper provided by Association of African Young Economists in its series AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 13_003.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Date of revision: Nov 2013
Handle: RePEc:aay:wpaper:13_003
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