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Un nouvel indice du développement financier


  • Rafael Cezar

    () (LEDa, UMR DIAL-Université Paris-Dauphine)


(english) The article constructs a new financial composite index that is sensitive to the level of financial development. The principal component analysis methodology is used to condensate the information contained in seven measures of the effectiveness in which a financial system performs resource allocation. In addition to traditional indicators, such as private credit and financial depth, the article also uses indicators of the quality of available information, regulatory environment and legal system, so that the new financial index allows a better comprehension and measurement of financial systems. The results show that OECD countries head the ranking, while Sub-Saharan African’s countries have the less developed financial systems. _________________________________ (français) Cet article construit un nouvel indice financier composite, sensible au niveau de développement des systèmes financiers. La technique de l’analyse de la composante principale a été employée pour la condensation de l’information de sept indicateurs de l’efficience de l’allocation des ressources. En plus des indicateurs traditionnels tels que la mesure du crédit privé et de la profondeur financière, l’article utilise également des indicateurs de la qualité de l’information disponible, de la réglementation et du système juridique pour la construction de l’indice composite, de sorte que le nouvel indice financier permette une meilleure mesure des systèmes financiers. Les résultats ne présentent pas beaucoup de surprises : les pays de l’OCDE sont en tête du classement tandis que les pays de l’Afrique Subsaharienne possèdent les systèmes les moins développés.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Cezar, 2012. "Un nouvel indice du développement financier," Working Papers DT/2012/04, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201204

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    2. Rafael La Porta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1998. "Law and Finance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 106(6), pages 1113-1155, December.
    3. Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934 Elsevier.
    4. Rafael Cezar, 2011. "Newtoning financial development with heterogeneous firms," Working Papers DT/2011/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    5. Leopoldo Fergusson, 2006. "Institutions for Financial Development: What are they and where do they come from?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 27-70, February.
    6. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Ross Levine, 2000. "A New Database on the Structure and Development of the Financial Sector," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(3), pages 597-605, September.
    7. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1983. "Incentive Effects of Terminations: Applications to the Credit and Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 912-927, December.
    8. Bencivenga Valerie R. & Smith Bruce D. & Starr Ross M., 1995. "Transactions Costs, Technological Choice, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 153-177, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack Nanfosso, 2013. "What Drives and Limits Financial Deepening Dynamics? Fresh Empirical-based Policy Lessons for African Sub-Regions," AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series 13_003, Association of African Young Economists, revised Nov 2013.
    2. NGUENA Christian-Lambert & NANFOSSO Roger, 2014. "Macroeconomic Factors and Dynamics of Financial Deepening: An empirical Investigation applied to the CEMAC Sub-region," Working Papers 14/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
    3. Christian Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack Nanfosso, 2013. "Financial Deepening Dynamics and Implication for Financial Policy Coordination in a Monetary Union: the case of WAEMU," AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series 13_005, Association of African Young Economists, revised Nov 2013.

    More about this item


    ACP; indice de développement financier et institutionnel.;

    JEL classification:

    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General

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