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Le développement financier et les avantages commerciaux

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael Cezar

    () (LEDa, UMR DIAL-Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

(english) The article seeks to clarify the relationship between financial development with the proportion of exporting firms and the volume of exports. A theoretical model is developed with two countries at different levels of financial restriction and cost, several sectors differentiated by their dependence on external finance and heterogeneous firms that produce using a combination of factors of production. The model shows that the country with the lower level of credit market restrictions experience a commercial advantage in high external dependence sectors. The country with a more competitive cost structure experiences an advantage and specializes in sectors with low dependence on external finance. The model also shows that financial development only impacts trade of financial constrained sectors. _________________________________ (français) L’article analyse la relation entre le développement financier avec la proportion de firmes exportatrices et le volume des exportations. Un modèle théorique est développé avec 2 pays à différents niveaux de restriction financière et coûts, plusieurs secteurs différenciés par leur dépendance du financement externe et des firmes hétérogènes qui produisent avec une combinaison de facteurs de production. Le modèle montre que le pays à faible restriction dans les marchés de crédit connaît un avantage commercial dans les secteurs à forte dépendance externe. Le pays dont la structure de coût est relativement moins chère connaît un avantage et se spécialise dans les secteurs à faible niveau de dépendance externe. Le modèle montre également que le développement financier impacte uniquement le commerce des secteurs contraints par l’endettement.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Cezar, 2012. "Le développement financier et les avantages commerciaux," Working Papers DT/2012/19, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201219
    as

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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2012/2012-19
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jiandong Ju & Shang-Jin Wei, 2005. "Endowment Versus Finance; A Wooden Barrel Theory of International Trade," IMF Working Papers 05/123, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Berman, Nicolas & Héricourt, Jérôme, 2010. "Financial factors and the margins of trade: Evidence from cross-country firm-level data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(2), pages 206-217, November.
    3. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
    4. Thorsten Beck, 2003. "Financial Dependence and International Trade," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(2), pages 296-316, May.
    5. Kiminori Matsuyama, 2005. "Credit Market Imperfections and Patterns of International Trade and Capital Flows," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(2-3), pages 714-723, 04/05.
    6. Hur, Jung & Raj, Manoj & Riyanto, Yohanes E., 2006. "Finance and trade: A cross-country empirical analysis on the impact of financial development and asset tangibility on international trade," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1728-1741, October.
    7. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    8. Svaleryd, Helena & Vlachos, Jonas, 2005. "Financial markets, the pattern of industrial specialization and comparative advantage: Evidence from OECD countries," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 113-144, January.
    9. Kletzer, Kenneth & Bardhan, Pranab, 1987. "Credit markets and patterns of international trade," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1-2), pages 57-70, October.
    10. Greenaway, David & Guariglia, Alessandra & Kneller, Richard, 2007. "Financial factors and exporting decisions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(2), pages 377-395, November.
    11. José Wynne, 2005. "Wealth as a Determinant of Comparative Advantage," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 226-254, March.
    12. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-586, June.
    13. Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth,in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934 Elsevier.
    14. Beck, Thorsten, 2002. "Financial development and international trade: Is there a link?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(1), pages 107-131, June.
    15. Rafael Cezar, 2011. "Newtoning financial development with heterogeneous firms," Working Papers DT/2011/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Commerce international; spécialisation internationale; développement financier; firmes hétérogènes; International trade; international specialization; financial development; heterogeneous firms.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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