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Macroeconomic Volatility, Trade and Financial Liberalization in Africa

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  • Ahmed, Abdullahi D.
  • Suardi, Sandy

Abstract

Summary This paper examines the effects of financial and trade liberalization on growth volatility of real output and consumption in Africa. Our results suggest trade liberalization is associated with greater output and consumption growth volatility while financial liberalization increases the efficacy of consumption smoothing and stabilizes income and consumption growth. In addition, we find financial market depth and institutional quality operate jointly with trade and financial openness to reduce volatility in output and consumption growth. There is also evidence that good institutions which foster low inflation levels and volatility promote consumption and output growth stability.

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  • Ahmed, Abdullahi D. & Suardi, Sandy, 2009. "Macroeconomic Volatility, Trade and Financial Liberalization in Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 1623-1636, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:37:y:2009:i:10:p:1623-1636
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    Cited by:

    1. Dong-Hyeon Kim & Shu-Chin Lin & Yu-Bo Suen, 2012. "Dynamic Effects of Financial Openness on Economic Growth and Macroeconomic Uncertainty," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(1), pages 25-54, January.
    2. Ahmed Abdullahi D., 2011. "International Financial Integration, Investment and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan African Countries," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 11(4), pages 1-28, December.
    3. Scott W. Hegerty, 2014. "Do International Capital Flows Worsen Macroeconomic Volatility in Transition Economies?," Bulletin of Applied Economics, Risk Market Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 1-13.
    4. Lubanda, J.- P. E. & Smutka, L. & Selby, R., 2016. "Agricultural Production and Trade Structure Profile in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 8(2), June.
    5. Ahmed, Abdullahi D., 2013. "Effects of financial liberalization on financial market development and economic performance of the SSA region: An empirical assessment," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 261-273.
    6. Naoussi, Claude Francis & Tripier, Fabien, 2013. "Trend shocks and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 29-42.
    7. Combes, Jean-Louis & Ebeke, Christian, 2011. "Remittances and Household Consumption Instability in Developing Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 39(7), pages 1076-1089, July.
    8. Kim, Dong-Hyeon & Lin, Shu-Chin & Suen, Yu-Bo, 2016. "Trade, growth and growth volatility: New panel evidence," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 384-399.
    9. Christian Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack Nanfosso, 2013. "What Drives and Limits Financial Deepening Dynamics? Fresh Empirical-based Policy Lessons for African Sub-Regions," AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series 13_003, Association of African Young Economists, revised Nov 2013.
    10. repec:taf:regstd:v:50:y:2016:i:11:p:1849-1862 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:12:p:2875-2900 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. NGUENA Christian-Lambert & NANFOSSO Roger, 2014. "Macroeconomic Factors and Dynamics of Financial Deepening: An empirical Investigation applied to the CEMAC Sub-region," Working Papers 14/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
    13. Ang, James B., 2011. "Finance and consumption volatility: Evidence from India," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 947-964, October.
    14. Moyo, Clement & Le Roux, Pierre, 2018. "Interest rate reforms and economic growth: the savings and investment channel," MPRA Paper 85297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Christian Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack Nanfosso, 2013. "Financial Deepening Dynamics and Implication for Financial Policy Coordination in a Monetary Union: the case of WAEMU," AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series 13_005, Association of African Young Economists, revised Nov 2013.
    16. repec:bla:afrdev:v:29:y:2017:i:2:p:211-222 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Ahmat Jidoud, 2015. "Remittances and Macroeconomic Volatility in African Countries," IMF Working Papers 15/49, International Monetary Fund.
    18. King, Alan & Ramlogan-Dobson, Carlyn, 2015. "Is Africa Actually Developing?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 598-613.
    19. Dong-Hyeon Kim & Shu-Chin Lin & Yu-Bo Suen, 2012. "Dynamic Effects of Financial Openness on Economic Growth and Macroeconomic Uncertainty," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 48(1), pages 25-54, January.
    20. Moyo, Clement & Khobai, Hlalefang, 2018. "Trade openness and economic growth in SADC countries," MPRA Paper 84254, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Ahmed, Abdullahi D., 2016. "Integration of financial markets, financial development and growth: Is Africa different?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 43-59.
    22. Claudiu Tiberiu Albulescu & Nicolae Bogdan Ianc, 2016. "Fiscal Policy, Fdi And Macroeconomic Stabilization," Review of Economic and Business Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, issue 18, pages 131-146, December.
    23. Markus Eller & Jarko Fidrmuc & Zuzana Fungáčová, 2016. "Fiscal Policy and Regional Output Volatility: Evidence from Russia," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(11), pages 1849-1862, November.
    24. Hrushikesh Mallick & Mantu Kumar Mahalik, 2016. "Motivating Factors Of Remittances Inflows Into Developing Asian Economies," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 61(04), pages 1-26, September.

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