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Financial Development, Openness and Institutions: Evidence from Panel Data


  • Badi Baltagi

    (Department of Economics University of Leicester)

  • Panicos Demetriades

    () (University of Leicester)

  • Siong Hook Law

    (University Putra Malaysia)


Using dynamic panel data techniques and several data sets, we provide new evidence on the effects of openness and institutions on financial development. Our findings suggest that openness and institutions are potentially very important factors for different aspects of financial development. They do not however provide much support to the simultaneous openness hypothesis of Rajan and Zingales (2003), suggesting that a more nuanced openness or political economy story may be required to explain the variation of financial development across countries and over tim

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  • Badi Baltagi & Panicos Demetriades & Siong Hook Law, 2007. "Financial Development, Openness and Institutions: Evidence from Panel Data," Money Macro and Finance (MMF) Research Group Conference 2006 166, Money Macro and Finance Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:mmf:mmfc06:166

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    Cited by:

    1. Kevin Williams, 2016. "Remittances and Financial Development: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 28(3), pages 357-367, September.
    2. Bank for International Settlements, 2008. "Financial globalisation and emerging market capital flows," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 44.
    3. Zeynep Ozkok, 2015. "Financial openness and financial development: an analysis using indices," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 620-649, September.
    4. Michael Enowbi-Batuo & Mlambo Kupukile, 2010. "How can economic and political liberalisation improve financial development in African countries?," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 2(1), pages 35-59, April.
    5. repec:eco:journ1:2017-04-33 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Tamazian, Artur & Bhaskara Rao, B., 2010. "Do economic, financial and institutional developments matter for environmental degradation? Evidence from transitional economies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 137-145, January.
    7. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar & Rogoff, Kenneth & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2010. "Financial Globalization and Economic Policies," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier.
    8. TengTeng Xu, 2012. "The Role of Credit in International Business Cycles," Staff Working Papers 12-36, Bank of Canada.
    9. Hatra Voghouei & M. Azail & Siong Law, 2013. "The effect of dynamic legal tradition on financial development: panel data evidence," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 109-136, February.
    10. Hayet Abbad & Mohamed Achouche & Yamina Tadjeddine, 2015. "Evaluation du système financier Algérien : Construction d’un indice agrégé de stabilité bancaire," EconomiX Working Papers 2015-25, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    11. Zeynep Ozkok, 2016. "Financial Harmonization and Financial Development: An Application of Europe’s Financial Services Action Plan," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot GmbH, Berlin, vol. 62(1), pages 1-35.
    12. Baltagi, Badi H. & Demetriades, Panicos O. & Law, Siong Hook, 2009. "Financial development and openness: Evidence from panel data," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 285-296, July.
    13. Christian Lambert Nguena & Roger Tsafack Nanfosso, 2013. "What Drives and Limits Financial Deepening Dynamics? Fresh Empirical-based Policy Lessons for African Sub-Regions," AAYE Policy Research Working Paper Series 13_003, Association of African Young Economists, revised Nov 2013.
    14. Marc G Quintyn & Genevieve Verdier, 2010. "Mother, Can I Trust the Government? Sustained Financial Deepening; A Political Institutionsview," IMF Working Papers 10/210, International Monetary Fund.
    15. NGUENA Christian-Lambert & NANFOSSO Roger, 2014. "Macroeconomic Factors and Dynamics of Financial Deepening: An empirical Investigation applied to the CEMAC Sub-region," Working Papers 14/015, African Governance and Development Institute..
    16. Vivien Kappel, 2010. "The Effects of Financial Development on Income Inequality and Poverty," CER-ETH Economics working paper series 10/127, CER-ETH - Center of Economic Research (CER-ETH) at ETH Zurich.
    17. Thierry Tressel & Enrica Detragiache, 2008. "Do Financial Sector Reforms Lead to Financial Development? Evidence from a New Dataset," IMF Working Papers 08/265, International Monetary Fund.
    18. Law, Siong Hook & Azman-Saini, W.N.W., 2008. "The Quality of Institutions and Financial Development," MPRA Paper 12107, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Jerzy Pruski & Piotr Szpunar, 2008. "Capital flows and their implications for monetary and financial stability: the experience of Poland," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Financial globalisation and emerging market capital flows, volume 44, pages 403-421 Bank for International Settlements.
    20. Abdelkarim Yahyaoui & Atef Rahmani, 2009. "Financial Development and Economic Growth: Role of Institutional Quality," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 56(3), pages 327-357, September.
    21. William R. Cline, 2010. "Financial Globalization, Economic Growth, and the Crisis of 2007-09," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number 499.
    22. Ghassan Omet & Ibrahim Saif & Hadeel Yaseen, 2008. "Market Discipline and Deposit Insurance: Evidence from Some Middle Eastern Banks," Working Papers 391, Economic Research Forum, revised 01 Jan 2008.

    More about this item


    Financial development; Trade Openness; Financial Openness; Financial Liberalisation; Dynamic Panel Data Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • F19 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Other
    • G29 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Other

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