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Mauritius: African Success Story

In: African Successes, Volume IV: Sustainable Growth

What explains the success of Mauritius, a top performer among African countries? It has mostly followed growth-enhancing policies, which can in turn be attributed to sound institutions. But from where did the institutions come? Mauritius chose well around the time of independence in 1968, for example opting for the rule of law over nationalization of its sugar plantations. Some fundamental determinants that econometrically can explain success worldwide do not work within Africa: size, remoteness, tropics, and ethnic fragmentation. An intriguing theory: small islands that were populated entirely by immigrants escape the ethnic conflict that arises when one group is indigenous.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Sebastian Edwards & Simon Johnson & David N. Weil, 2016. "African Successes, Volume IV: Sustainable Growth," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number afri14-4, September.
  • This item is provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Chapters with number 13441.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberch:13441
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