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Armed Conflicts and Food Insecurity: Evidence from Boko Haram's Attacks

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  • Justin George
  • Adesoji Adelaja
  • Dave Weatherspoon

Abstract

More than half of the 815 million undernourished people in the world live in countries struggling with conflict, violence and fragility. Conflict can impact food security conditions by destroying agricultural production, distribution and markets, hindering economic growth and increasing unemployment levels. By spatially joining the general household survey (GHS) panel data for Nigeria with Boko Haram terrorist incident data, we estimate the impact of Boko Haram attacks on food security conditions. We find that an increase in conflict intensity, measured by number of fatalities, increases the number of days where the household had to (1) rely on less preferred foods, (2) limit the variety of foods eaten, and (3) limit the portion size of meals consumed. However, the number of days that households went without eating anything, a more severe measure of food insecurity, was not affected. The food consumption score is also negatively affected by conflict. We also find that the conflict‐driven food insecurity is mainly materialized through agricultural input and income shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Justin George & Adesoji Adelaja & Dave Weatherspoon, 2020. "Armed Conflicts and Food Insecurity: Evidence from Boko Haram's Attacks," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 102(1), pages 114-131, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:ajagec:v:102:y:2020:i:1:p:114-131
    DOI: 10.1093/ajae/aaz039
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    5. Chiwuzulum Odozi, John & Oyelere, Ruth Uwaifo, 2020. "Violent Conflict Exposure in Nigeria and Labor Supply of Farm Households," GLO Discussion Paper Series 712, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
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    8. Patrice Rélouendé Zidouemba & Somlanare Romuald Kinda & Idrissa Mohamed Ouedraogo, 2020. "Could Covid-19 Worsen Food Insecurity in Burkina Faso?," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 32(5), pages 1379-1401, December.
    9. Ludolph,Lars & Šedová,Barbora & Talevi,Marta, 2022. "Inequality and Security in the Aftermath of Internal Population Displacement Shocks :Evidence from Nigeria," Policy Research Working Paper Series 10053, The World Bank.
    10. Tomy Perdana & Diah Chaerani & Fernianda Rahayu Hermiatin & Audi Luqmanul Hakim Achmad & Ananda Fridayana, 2022. "Does an Alternative Local Food Network Contribute to Improving Sustainable Food Security?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(18), pages 1-17, September.
    11. Olayemi M. Olabiyi, 2022. "The effect of bureaucratic corruption on household food insecurity: evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 14(2), pages 437-450, April.

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