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The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa


  • Bjoern Rother
  • Gaelle Pierre
  • Davide Lombardo
  • Risto Herrala
  • Priscilla Toffano
  • Erik Roos
  • Allan G Auclair
  • Karina Manasseh


In recent decades, the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) has experienced more frequent and severe conflicts than in any other region of the world, exacting a devastating human toll. The region now faces unprecedented challenges, including the emergence of violent non-state actors, significant destruction, and a refugee crisis bigger than any since World War II. This paper raises awareness of the economic costs of conflicts on the countries directly involved and on their neighbors. It argues that appropriate macroeconomic policies can help mitigate the impact of conflicts in the short term, and that fostering higher and more inclusive growth can help address some of the root causes of conflicts over the long term. The paper also highlights the crucial role of external partners, including the IMF, in helping MENA countries tackle these challenges.

Suggested Citation

  • Bjoern Rother & Gaelle Pierre & Davide Lombardo & Risto Herrala & Priscilla Toffano & Erik Roos & Allan G Auclair & Karina Manasseh, 2016. "The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa," IMF Staff Discussion Notes 16/8, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfsdn:16/8

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:poleco:v:49:y:2017:i:c:p:47-70 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Grand, Nathalie & Kamaly, Ahmed, 2017. "On the guidelines of good planning : The case of the Arab region," MPRA Paper 84146, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza & Witthuhn, Stefan, 2017. "Corruption and political stability: Does the youth bulge matter?," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 47-70.
    4. Olaf J. de Groot & Carlos Bozzoli & Tilman Bruck, 2015. "The Global Economic Burden of Violent Conflict," HiCN Working Papers 199, Households in Conflict Network.
    5. Sak, Güven & Kaymaz, Timur & Kadkoy, Omar & Kenanoglu, Murat, 2017. "Forced migrants: Labour market integration and entrepreneurship," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-61, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).


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