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Migrants and International Economic Linkages: A Meta-Overview


  • Peter Nijkamp
  • Masood Gheasi
  • Piet Rietveld


The migration issue is a much debated subject in many developed countries. This study provides a review of the relationship between migrants and their international economic linkages. It then focuses on foreign direct investment (FDI), for both inward and outward FDI. This study aims to offer a synthesis by means of a meta-analysis of various studies, in order to test the robustness of the relationship between migration and FDI. Our results confirm that immigration has a positive impact on FDI investment in both directions (inward and outward), and that these impacts are higher when migrants are highly educated and skilled. RÉSUMÉ Le problème de la migration est un sujet qui suscite un intérêt considérable dans un grand nombre de pays évolués. Cette étude passe en revue les rapports entre les migrants et leurs liens économiques internationaux. Elle se penche en suite sur les investissements étrangers directs (IED), tant pour les IED étrangers que pour les investissements à l’étranger. L’étude s'efforce de présenter une synthèse par le biais de méta-analyses de différentes études, dans le but de tester la solidité des rapports entre migration et IED. Nos résultats confirment que la migration a eu un effet positif sur les investissements IED dans les deux sens (de l’étranger et à l’étranger, et qu'elle a un impact majeur lorsque les migrants sont des personnes haute ment qualifiées et spécialisées. RESUMEN La inmigración es un tema muy debatido en muchos países desarrollados. Este estudio proporciona una reseña de la relación entre los inmigrantes y sus enlaces económicos internacionales. Después se enfoca en la Inversión Extranjera Directa (IED), tanto de entrada como de salida. Este estudio tiene como objetivo ofrecer una síntesis mediante un metanáli sis de estudios varios para evaluar la solidez de la relación entre inmigración y la IED. Nuestros resultados confirman que la inmigración tiene un impacto positivo sobre la IED en ambas direcciones (entrada y salida), y que estos impactos son mayores cuando los inmigrantes tiene un alto nivel de educación y cualificación.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Nijkamp & Masood Gheasi & Piet Rietveld, 2011. "Migrants and International Economic Linkages: A Meta-Overview," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 359-376, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:6:y:2011:i:4:p:359-376 DOI: 10.1080/17421772.2011.610814

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sara Flisi & Marina Murat, 2009. "Immigrant Links, Diasporas and FDI. An Empirical Investigation on Five European Countries," Department of Economics 0608, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    2. Sourafel Girma & Zhihao Yu, 2002. "The link between immigration and trade: Evidence from the United Kingdom," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 138(1), pages 115-130, March.
    3. Brander, Luke M. & Van Beukering, Pieter & Cesar, Herman S.J., 2007. "The recreational value of coral reefs: A meta-analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 209-218, June.
    4. Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Piet Rietveld, 2013. "Migration and foreign direct investment: education matters," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 51(1), pages 73-87, August.
    5. Peter Nijkamp & Mediha Sahin & Tüzin Baycan-Levent, 2010. "Migrant Entrepreneurship And New Urban Economic Opportunities: Identification Of Critical Success Factors By Means Of Qualitative Pattern Recognition Analysis," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 101(4), pages 371-391, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Murat Genc & Masood Gheasi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2012. "The impact of immigration on international trade: a meta-analysis," Chapters,in: Migration Impact Assessment, chapter 9, pages 301-337 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Annie Tubadji & Brian Osoba & Peter Nijkamp, 2015. "Culture-based development in the USA: culture as a factor for economic welfare and social well-being at a county level," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 39(3), pages 277-303, August.
    3. Rodolfo Metulini, 2013. "Spatial gravity models for international trade: a panel analysis among OECD countries," ERSA conference papers ersa13p522, European Regional Science Association.
    4. repec:gam:jecomi:v:5:y:2017:i:3:p:31-:d:109008 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. B. Fingleton & P. Cheshire & H. Garretsen & D. Igliori & J. Le Gallo & P. McCann & J. McCombie & V. Monastiriotis & B. Moore & M. Roberts, 2011. "Editorial," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(4), pages 351-357, December.
    6. Annie Tubadji & Peter Nijkamp, 2013. "Cultural Distance and Gravity Effects among Migrants," ERSA conference papers ersa13p484, European Regional Science Association.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • P45 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - International Linkages


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