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Employer-provided Training and Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from Italian Local Labour Markets

  • Giuseppe Croce
  • Emanuela Ghignoni

C roce G. and G hignoni E. Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets, Regional Studies . Following suggestions from the literature on agglomeration and on social returns to education, this paper aims to uncover the relationship between local human capital and training. The results are consistent with the prediction that training should be more frequent in areas where the aggregate educational level is higher. This result is confirmed when different definitions of local human capital are adopted or different subsamples are considered. This paper also coped with the problem of omitted variables and spatial sorting by means of a two-step strategy based on instrumental variables. C roce G. et G hignoni E. Une formation assurée par l'employeur et les retombées de connaissance: des preuves provenant des bassins d'emploi locaux en Italie, Regional Studies . En réponse à des propositions avancées dans la documentation sur l'agglomération et sur le rendement social de l'éducation, cet article cherche à dévoiler le rapport entre le capital humain local et la formation. Les résultats correspondent à la prédiction selon laquelle la formation devrait être plus régulière dans les zones où le niveau d'éducation global s'avère plus élevé. Suite à l'adoption des différentes définitions du capital humain local et à une consideration des divers sous-échantillons, ce résultat se confirme. Cet article aborde aussi la question des variables oubliées et du triage géographique à partir d'une stratégie à deux temps fondée sur des facteurs clé. Formation Retombées de connaissance Bassins d'emploi locaux C roce G. und G hignoni E. Schulungen durch Arbeitgeber und Wissensübertragung: Belege aus den Arbeitsmärkten Italiens, Regional Studies . Aufgrund der Vorschläge in der Literatur über Agglomeration und sozialen Nutzen für Bildung wird in diesem Beitrag versucht, die Beziehung zwischen lokalem Humankapital und Schulungen zu ergründen. Die Ergebnisse stimmen mit der Prognose überein, dass Schulungen in Gebieten mit höherem Gesamtbildungsniveau häufiger stattfinden sollten. Dieses Ergebnis wird bestätigt, wenn man verschiedene Definitionen des lokalen Humankapitals oder unterschiedliche Untergruppen berücksichtigt. Ebenso wird in diesem Beitrag das Problem der ausgelassenen Variablen und räumlichen Ordnung mit Hilfe einer zweistufigen Strategie auf der Grundlage von Instrumentvariablen angegangen. Schulungen Wissensübertragung Lokale Arbeitsmärkte C roce G. y G hignoni E. Capacitación facilitada por empleadores y desbordamientos de conocimiento: ejemplo de los mercados laborales locales en Italia, Regional Studies . Teniendo en cuenta las sugerencias de la literatura sobre la aglomeración y las devoluciones sociales para la educación, en este artículo pretendemos descubrir la relación entre el capital humano local y la capacitación. Los resultados son coherentes con la predicción de que la capacitación debería ser más frecuente en áreas donde el nivel educativo general es más alto. Este resultado se confirma si adoptamos diferentes definiciones del capital humano local o consideramos diferentes submuestras. En este ensayo también abordamos el problema de las variables omitidas y la clasificación espacial mediante una estrategia bifásica basada en variables instrumentales. Formación Desbordamientos de conocimiento Mercados laborales locales

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/00343404.2010.497136
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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 339-353

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:339-353
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  2. Emilio Colombo & Luca Stanca, 2008. "The Impact of Training on Productivity: Evidence from a Large Panel of Firms," Working Papers 134, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2008.
  3. Giorgio Brunello & Maria De Paola, 2006. "Training and Economic Density: Some Evidence from Italian Provinces," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0030, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  4. Rauch James E., 1993. "Productivity Gains from Geographic Concentration of Human Capital: Evidence from the Cities," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 380-400, November.
  5. Arulampalam, Wiji & Booth, Alison L. & Bryan, Mark L., 2003. "Training in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 933, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  7. Di Addario, Sabrina & Patacchini, Eleonora, 2008. "Wages and the City. Evidence from Italy," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 1040-1061, October.
  8. Daron Acemoglu & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 1998. "The Structure of Wages and Investment in General Training," NBER Working Papers 6357, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Temple, Jonathan, 2001. "Growth Effects of Education and Social Capital in the OECD Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 2875, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Alberto Dalmazzo & Guido Blasio, 2007. "Social returns to education in Italian local labor markets," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 41(1), pages 51-69, March.
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  12. Brunello, Giorgio & Medio, Alfredo, 2001. "An explanation of international differences in education and workplace training," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 307-322, February.
  13. Bassanini, Andrea & Booth, Alison L. & Brunello, Giorgio & De Paola, Maria & Leuven, Edwin, 2005. "Workplace Training in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 1640, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  14. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 2001. "Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments," Working Papers 834, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  15. Daron Acemoglu & Jorn-Steffen Pischke, 1996. "Why Do Firms Train? Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 5605, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Moretti, Enrico, 2004. "Estimating the social return to higher education: evidence from longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 175-212.
  17. Rosenthal, Stuart S. & Strange, William C., 2004. "Evidence on the nature and sources of agglomeration economies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 49, pages 2119-2171 Elsevier.
  18. Giles Duranton & Diego Puga, 2003. "Micro-Foundations of Urban Agglomeration Economies," NBER Working Papers 9931, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  19. Brunello, Giorgio & Gambarotto, Francesca, 2007. "Do spatial agglomeration and local labor market competition affect employer-provided training? Evidence from the UK," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 1-21, January.
  20. Samuel Muehlemann & Stefan C. Wolter, 2006. "Regional Effects on Employer Provided Training: Evidence from Apprenticeship Training in Switzerland," CESifo Working Paper Series 1665, CESifo Group Munich.
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