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Employer-provided Training and Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from Italian Local Labour Markets

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  • Giuseppe Croce
  • Emanuela Ghignoni

Abstract

Croce G. and Ghignoni E. Employer-provided training and knowledge spillovers: evidence from Italian local labour markets, Regional Studies . Following suggestions from the literature on agglomeration and on social returns to education, this paper aims to uncover the relationship between local human capital and training. The results are consistent with the prediction that training should be more frequent in areas where the aggregate educational level is higher. This result is confirmed when different definitions of local human capital are adopted or different subsamples are considered. This paper also coped with the problem of omitted variables and spatial sorting by means of a two-step strategy based on instrumental variables. Croce G. et Ghignoni E. Une formation assurée par l'employeur et les retombées de connaissance: des preuves provenant des bassins d'emploi locaux en Italie, Regional Studies . En réponse à des propositions avancées dans la documentation sur l'agglomération et sur le rendement social de l'éducation, cet article cherche à dévoiler le rapport entre le capital humain local et la formation. Les résultats correspondent à la prédiction selon laquelle la formation devrait être plus régulière dans les zones où le niveau d'éducation global s'avère plus élevé. Suite à l'adoption des différentes définitions du capital humain local et à une consideration des divers sous-échantillons, ce résultat se confirme. Cet article aborde aussi la question des variables oubliées et du triage géographique à partir d'une stratégie à deux temps fondée sur des facteurs clé. Formation Retombées de connaissance Bassins d'emploi locaux Croce G. und Ghignoni E. Schulungen durch Arbeitgeber und Wissensübertragung: Belege aus den Arbeitsmärkten Italiens, Regional Studies . Aufgrund der Vorschläge in der Literatur über Agglomeration und sozialen Nutzen für Bildung wird in diesem Beitrag versucht, die Beziehung zwischen lokalem Humankapital und Schulungen zu ergründen. Die Ergebnisse stimmen mit der Prognose überein, dass Schulungen in Gebieten mit höherem Gesamtbildungsniveau häufiger stattfinden sollten. Dieses Ergebnis wird bestätigt, wenn man verschiedene Definitionen des lokalen Humankapitals oder unterschiedliche Untergruppen berücksichtigt. Ebenso wird in diesem Beitrag das Problem der ausgelassenen Variablen und räumlichen Ordnung mit Hilfe einer zweistufigen Strategie auf der Grundlage von Instrumentvariablen angegangen. Schulungen Wissensübertragung Lokale Arbeitsmärkte Croce G. y Ghignoni E. Capacitación facilitada por empleadores y desbordamientos de conocimiento: ejemplo de los mercados laborales locales en Italia, Regional Studies . Teniendo en cuenta las sugerencias de la literatura sobre la aglomeración y las devoluciones sociales para la educación, en este artículo pretendemos descubrir la relación entre el capital humano local y la capacitación. Los resultados son coherentes con la predicción de que la capacitación debería ser más frecuente en áreas donde el nivel educativo general es más alto. Este resultado se confirma si adoptamos diferentes definiciones del capital humano local o consideramos diferentes submuestras. En este ensayo también abordamos el problema de las variables omitidas y la clasificación espacial mediante una estrategia bifásica basada en variables instrumentales. Formación Desbordamientos de conocimiento Mercados laborales locales

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe Croce & Emanuela Ghignoni, 2012. "Employer-provided Training and Knowledge Spillovers: Evidence from Italian Local Labour Markets," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 339-353, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:46:y:2012:i:3:p:339-353
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.497136
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Giuseppe Croce & Emanuela Ghignoni, 2011. "Overeducation and spatial flexibility in Italian local labour markets," Working Papers 145, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
    2. Giuseppe Croce & Edoardo Di Porto & Emanuela Ghignoni & Andrea Ricci, 2013. "Employer education, agglomeration and workplace training: poaching vs knowledge spillovers," Working Papers 162, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
    3. Andrea Filippetti & Frederick Guy & Simona Iammarino, 2015. "Does training help in times of crisis? Training in employment in Northern and Southern Italy," Working Papers 28, Birkbeck Centre for Innovation Management Research, revised Dec 2015.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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