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China–US trade flow behavior: the implications of alternative exchange rate measures and trade classifications

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  • Yin-Wong Cheung

    ()

  • Menzie Chinn

    ()

  • Xingwang Qian

    ()

Abstract

The authors examine Chinese-US trade flows over the 1994–2012 period, and find that, in line with the conventional wisdom, the value of China’s exports to the US responds negatively to real renminbi (RMB) appreciation, while imports respond positively. Further, the combined price effects on exports and imports imply an increase in the real value of the RMB will reduce China’s trade balance. The use of alternative exchange rate measures and data on different trade classifications yields additional insights. Firms more subject to market forces exhibit greater price sensitivity. The price elasticity is larger for ordinary exports than for processing exports. Finally, accounting for endogeneity and measurement error matters. Hence, purging the real exchange rate of the portion responding to policy, or using the deviation of the real exchange rate from the equilibrium level yields a stronger measured effect than when using the unadjusted bilateral exchange rate. Copyright Kiel Institute 2016

Suggested Citation

  • Yin-Wong Cheung & Menzie Chinn & Xingwang Qian, 2016. "China–US trade flow behavior: the implications of alternative exchange rate measures and trade classifications," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 152(1), pages 43-67, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:152:y:2016:i:1:p:43-67
    DOI: 10.1007/s10290-015-0232-y
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:mes:emfitr:v:54:y:2018:i:13:p:3131-3151 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Import; Export; Elasticity; Real exchange rate; Processing trade; F12; F41;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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