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Is there an environmental benefit to being an exporter? Evidence from firm-level data

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  • Svetlana Batrakova

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  • Ronald Davies

Abstract

One concern over globalisation is its impact on the environment. We analyse the consequences of becoming an exporter on a firm’s energy consumption. We show theoretically and empirically with firm-level data that the increase in energy use when exporting is negatively correlated with energy intensity. This is because, although energy use rises with exporting due to greater production and transportation, it can be offset by adopting more energy-efficient technology. This second effect is strongest for high energy intensity firms. As such, analysis of average effects, as in other studies, conceals important connections between the trade and the environment. Copyright Kiel Institute 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Svetlana Batrakova & Ronald Davies, 2012. "Is there an environmental benefit to being an exporter? Evidence from firm-level data," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 148(3), pages 449-474, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:148:y:2012:i:3:p:449-474
    DOI: 10.1007/s10290-012-0125-2
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    Cited by:

    1. JINJI Naoto & SAKAMOTO Hiroaki, 2015. "Does Exporting Improve Firms' CO₂ Emissions Intensity and Energy Intensity? Evidence from Japanese manufacturing," Discussion papers 15130, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Cui, Jingbo & Lapan, Harvey & Moschini, GianCarlo, 2012. "Are Exporters More Environmentally Friendly than Non-Exporters? Theory and Evidence," Staff General Research Papers Archive 35549, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Cui, Jingbo & Qian, Hang, 2013. "The Effects of Exports on Facility Environmental Performance: Evidence from a Matching Approach," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 149550, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. repec:eee:eecrev:v:98:y:2017:i:c:p:373-391 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. John P. Weche Geluebcke & Isabella Wedl, 2013. "Environmental Protection of Foreign Firms in Germany: Does the country of origin matter?," Working Paper Series in Economics 267, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    6. Michele Imbruno & Tobias Ketterer, 2016. "Energy efficiency gains from trade in intermediate inputs: firm-level evidence from Indonesia," GRI Working Papers 244, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    7. Svetlana Batrakova, 2011. "Flip Side of the Pollution Haven: Do Export Destinations Matter?," Working Papers 201101, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    8. Udo Kreickemeier & Philipp M. Richter, 2014. "Trade and the Environment: The Role of Firm Heterogeneity," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 209-225, May.
    9. Lutz, Benjamin Johannes & Massier, Philipp & Sommerfeld, Katrin & Löschel, Andreas, 2017. "Drivers of energy efficiency in German manufacturing: A firm-level stochastic frontier analysis," CAWM Discussion Papers 99, University of Münster, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM).
    10. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen Helene, 2015. "Why are firms that export cleaner? International trade, Abatement and Environmental Emissions," Research Papers in Economics 2015:2, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    11. repec:anr:reveco:v:9:y:2017:p:59-85 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Forslid, Rikard & Okubo, Toshihiro & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen-Helene, 2011. "Why are firms that export cleaner? International trade and CO2 emissions," CEPR Discussion Papers 8583, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Cui, Jingbo, 2012. "Three essays on biofuel, environmental economics, and international trade," ISU General Staff Papers 201201010800003311, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    14. Balistreri, Edward J. & Rutherford, Thomas F., 2012. "Subglobal carbon policy and the competitive selection of heterogeneous firms," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(S2), pages 190-197.
    15. Vera Danilina, 2017. "Trade Integration and the Polarisation of Eco-Labelling Strategies," AMSE Working Papers 1725, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France.
    16. Anouliès, Lisa, 2017. "Heterogeneous firms and the environment: a cap-and-trade program," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 84-101.
    17. Roy, Jayjit & Yasar, Mahmut, 2015. "Energy efficiency and exporting: Evidence from firm-level data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 127-135.
    18. Jevan Cherniwchan & Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 2017. "Trade and the Environment: New Methods, Measurements, and Results," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 9(1), pages 59-85, September.
    19. repec:eee:jeeman:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:134-158 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Vera Danilina, 2017. "Polarisation of Eco-Labelling Strategies," Working Papers 2017.26, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
    21. Matthew A. COLE & Robert R.J. ELLIOTT & OKUBO Toshihiro & Liyun ZHANG, 2017. "The Pollution Outsourcing Hypothesis: An empirical test for Japan," Discussion papers 17096, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exporting; Energy; Heterogeneity; Matching; Quantiles; F18; L23; Q56; C21;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models

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