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Financial innovation and economic growth in Bangladesh

Author

Listed:
  • Md. Qamruzzaman

    () (Wuhan University of Technology
    United International University)

  • Wei Jianguo

    () (Wuhan University of Technology)

Abstract

Abstract Background This study provides evidence for the financial innovation in the financial system that resulted in the economic growth of Bangladesh from 1980-2016. Methods To capture the influence of financial innovation on economic growth, we estimated the long-run cointegration by applying Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bound testing and Granger causality-based Error Correction Model (ECM) to capture the directional association. Results The Test of Cointegration satisfied the existence of a long-run association between economic growth and the financial innovation proxies, which were the Domestic Credit to the Private Sector (DCB) as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product and the Broad-to-Narrow Money (M2/M1) as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product. Our results showed that in the long run, credit circulation to the private sector and monetary management play important roles in economic growth. We also found that the coefficients of the financial innovation proxy variables were positive and statistically significant both in the short run and long run. We also ran Granger causality tests to investigate the directional effect. This study confirmed the feedback causality between the economic growth and 2 proxies of financial innovation in the short and long run. The gross capital formation and trade openness contribute significantly to explaining the economic growth in Bangladesh. Conclusion The government of Bangladesh should encourage financial innovation in the financial system, especially at financial institutions, so that access to financial services can easily provide for equitable development. The government should also encourage financial innovation in the capital market, which will assist in raising long-term capital for investment and expedite overall economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Md. Qamruzzaman & Wei Jianguo, 2017. "Financial innovation and economic growth in Bangladesh," Financial Innovation, Springer;Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, vol. 3(1), pages 1-24, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:fininn:v:3:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-017-0070-0
    DOI: 10.1186/s40854-017-0070-0
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    1. repec:spr:fininn:v:4:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-018-0103-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:gam:jijfss:v:6:y:2018:i:3:p:69-:d:161634 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial innovation; Economic growth; ARDL; Granger causality;

    JEL classification:

    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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