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The Effect of Tax and Expenditure Limitations on Public Education Resources: A Meta-Regression Analysis


  • Sonali Ballal

    (World Bank, Washington, D.C.)

  • Ross Rubenstein

    (Department of Public Administration, Maxwell School, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York,


While tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) are intended to restrain government taxing and spending, empirical research has arrived at different, sometimes contradictory, conclusions on their impact. In this article, we use meta-regression analysis (MRA) to sort out these differences and to draw conclusions regarding the effect of TELs on one of the largest areas of state and local spending, education. We find evidence that TELs are associated with increases in state funding for education, relative to local or combined state and local funding. The results also suggest that some methodological factors may affect study results and that study publication is associated with findings of negative TEL effects on education resources.

Suggested Citation

  • Sonali Ballal & Ross Rubenstein, 2009. "The Effect of Tax and Expenditure Limitations on Public Education Resources: A Meta-Regression Analysis," Public Finance Review, , vol. 37(6), pages 665-685, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:pubfin:v:37:y:2009:i:6:p:665-685

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    1. repec:taf:vjerxx:v:109:y:2016:i:1:p:37-49 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Yadavalli, Anita P. & Florax, Raymond J.G.M., 2013. "The Effect of School Quality on House Prices: A Meta-Regression Analysis," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 151291, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.


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