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Corruption and Income Inequality in Asian Countries: Bootstrap Panel Granger Causality Test

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  • Chiung-Ju Huang

    () (Department of Public Finance, Feng Chia University, Taiwan)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the causal relationship between corruption and income inequality experienced in ten Asian economies over the period 1995 to 2010. This study utilizes the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach, which allows both cross-sectional dependence and heterogeneity across countries, and is based on seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR) systems and Wald tests with country-specific bootstrap critical values. The empirical results show that there is a unidirectional causality from corruption to income inequality in China and the Philippines. Meanwhile, a one-way causal relationship running from income inequality to corruption exists in Indonesia, Japan, Korea, and Thailand.

Suggested Citation

  • Chiung-Ju Huang, 2013. "Corruption and Income Inequality in Asian Countries: Bootstrap Panel Granger Causality Test," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 161-170, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2013:i:4:p:161-170
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Enrico Colombatto, 2003. "Why is Corruption Tolerated?," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 363-379, December.
    2. Nelson C. Mark & Masao Ogaki & Donggyu Sul, 2005. "Dynamic Seemingly Unrelated Cointegrating Regressions," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 72(3), pages 797-820.
    3. Oguzhan C. Dincer & Burak Gunalp, 2012. "Corruption And Income Inequality In The United States," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 30(2), pages 283-292, April.
    4. Phillips, Peter C B, 1995. "Fully Modified Least Squares and Vector Autoregression," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(5), pages 1023-1078, September.
    5. Hashem Pesaran, M. & Yamagata, Takashi, 2008. "Testing slope homogeneity in large panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 50-93, January.
    6. Hindriks, Jean & Keen, Michael & Muthoo, Abhinay, 1999. "Corruption, extortion and evasion," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 395-430, December.
    7. T. S. Breusch & A. R. Pagan, 1980. "The Lagrange Multiplier Test and its Applications to Model Specification in Econometrics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 47(1), pages 239-253.
    8. M. Hashem Pesaran & Aman Ullah & Takashi Yamagata, 2008. "A bias-adjusted LM test of error cross-section independence," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 11(1), pages 105-127, March.
    9. Pesaran, M.H., 2004. "‘General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels’," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0435, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    10. Hongyi Li & Lixin Colin Xu & Heng-fu Zou, 2000. "Corruption, Income Distribution, and Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(2), pages 155-182, July.
    11. repec:exe:wpaper:98/09 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    corruption; income inequality; cross-sectional dependence; heterogeneity; panel Granger causality test;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • H80 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - General

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