IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Can international capital standards strengthen banks in emerging markets?

Listed author(s):

This paper deals with the appropriate design of capital adequacy requirements in emerging markets. It divides countries in two groups according to their capacity to enforce regulatory capital. The first group is characterized by an inappropriate accounting standards and reporting systems, improper classification of non-performing loans and deficient legal and judicial frameworks, and high concentration of asset ownership. It is shown that under these conditions, capital ratios can not perform their supervisory role of containing excessive risk-taking activities by banks. The sustainable policy for these countries consists of removing the constraints to the effectiveness of capital standards; however, those policy reforms often take a significant amount of time. During the transition period, it is essential to identify and develop indicators of banking problems that reveal the true riskiness of banks. Recommendations for policymakers, therefore, focus on strengthening the role of market discipline to substitute for the inadequacies of the regulatory capital requirements. In the second group of countries, a continuous increase in the participation of foreign banks from industrial countries is de facto reducing the degree of related-lending activities. The combination of competition induced by the entry of new providers of wealth and improved accounting, regulatory, and supervisory frameworks can contribute towards increasing the usefulness of capitalization ratios. The main recommendation for this group is to design a capital standard that appropriately reflects the risk of banks' assets. The standard should have two basic components. The first is the development of risk-based regulations in loan-loss provisions. The second is the establishment of a reduced number of risk categories to classify assets, with the central qualification being that the categories of risk should reflect the particular features of banks’ assets in emerging markets. Issues that need to be considered include an adequate risk assessment of government paper and the introduction of distinct capital charges for borrowers in the tradable and non-tradable sectors.

To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
1. Check below under "Related research" whether another version of this item is available online.
2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

Article provided by Capco Institute in its journal Journal of Financial Transformation.

Volume (Year): 5 (2002)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 51-63

in new window

Handle: RePEc:ris:jofitr:1291
Contact details of provider: Postal:
77 Water Street, 10th Floor, New York NY 10005

Phone: +1 212 284 8600
Web page:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

in new window

  1. Cavallo, Michele & Majnoni, Giovanni, 2001. "Do Banks provision for bad loans in good times? empirical evidence and policy implications," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2619, The World Bank.
  2. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "The Roots of Banking Crises: The Macroeconomic Context," Research Department Publications 4026, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. repec:idb:wpaper:318 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. Powell, Andrew, 2002. "A capital accord for emerging economies?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2808, The World Bank.
  5. Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "An Introduction," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(2), pages 149-150, August.
  6. Steven Riess Weisbrod & Liliana Rojas-Suárez, 1995. "Financial Fragilities in Latin America; The 1980s and 1990s," IMF Occasional Papers 132, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "The Roots of Banking Crises: The Macroeconomic Context," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6067, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Liliana Rojas-Suarez, 2001. "Rating Banks in Emerging Markets: What Credit Rating Agencies Should Learn from Financial Indicators," Working Paper Series WP01-6, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
  9. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "The Roots of Banking Crises: The Macroeconomic Context," Research Department Publications 4026, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  10. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1997. "Make or Buy? Approaches to Financial Market Integration," Research Department Publications 4052, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:jofitr:1291. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Prof. Shahin Shojai)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.