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Quelle réglementation du capital bancaire pour les pays en développement ?


  • Daoud Barkat Daoud


[fre] Cet article se propose d'analyser l'efficacité de la supervision du capital pour contrôler le risque bancaire dans les PED. On montre que la simple transposition des dispositifs élaborés dans les pays industrialisés rencontre des difficultés dans ces pays. On s'interroge ensuite sur les implications du nouvel accord de Bâle pour les PED. On soutient d'une part, que l'approche des notations externes y apparaît comme la seule alternative réglementaire, mais qu'elle est une solution imparfaite. D'autre part, l'adoption du nouvel accord est susceptible de modifier les canaux de financement dans les PED. Au total, nous suggérons que la transition vers le nouvel accord, doit s'accompagner d'un certain nombre de mesures complémentaires. . Classification JEL : G15, G18, G21 [eng] Banking capital regulation in developing countries . This article deals with the efficiency of capital regulation in controlling banking risks in developing countries. We point out that the simple transposition of prudential standards elaborated in developed economies encounters difficulties in these countries. Then, we wonder about the implications of the New Basel Accord for developing countries. On the one hand, we consider that the external rating approach seems to be the only alternative, but rather an imperfect solution. On the other hand, the adoption of the new Accord may affect the channels of financing in these countries. On the whole, we suggest that the transition towards the new agreement has to come along with some additional measures. . JEL classifications : G12, G18, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Daoud Barkat Daoud, 2003. "Quelle réglementation du capital bancaire pour les pays en développement ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 73(4), pages 311-323.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2003_num_73_4_5024
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2003.5024

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Morris Goldstein, 1997. "Case for an International Banking Standard, The," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number pa47.
    2. Kane, Edward J., 1995. "Difficulties of transferring risk-based capital requirements to developing countries," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 3(2-3), pages 193-216, July.
    3. Ferri, Giovanni & Liu, Li-Gang & Majnoni, Giovanni, 2001. "The role of rating agency assessments in less developed countries: Impact of the proposed Basel guidelines," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 115-148, January.
    4. Cem Karacadag & Michael W. Taylor, 2000. "The New Capital Adequacy Framework - Institutional Constraints and Incentive Structures," SUERF Studies, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum, number 8 edited by Morten Balling, August.
    5. Sunil Sharma & Ralph Chami & Mohsin S. Khan, 2003. "Emerging Issues in Banking Regulation," IMF Working Papers 03/101, International Monetary Fund.
    6. George J. Benston & George G. Kaufman, 1988. "Risk and solvency regulation of depository institutions: past policies and current options," Staff Memoranda 88-1, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    7. Powell, Andrew, 2002. "A capital accord for emerging economies?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2808, The World Bank.
    8. Rojas-Suarez, Liliana, 2002. "Can international capital standards strengthen banks in emerging markets?," Journal of Financial Transformation, Capco Institute, vol. 5, pages 51-63.
    9. Fredric S. Mishkin & Philip E. Strahan, 1999. "What Will Technology Do to Financial Structure?," NBER Working Papers 6892, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "An Introduction," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(2), pages 149-150, August.
    11. Caprio, Gerard, Jr. & Honohan, Patrick, 1999. "Beyond capital ideals : restoring banking stability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2235, The World Bank.
    12. P. Honohan, 2000. "Banking System Failures in Developing and Transition Countries: Diagnosis and Prediction," Economic Notes, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena SpA, vol. 29(1), pages 83-109, February.
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    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages


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