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A Multi-Sectoral Study of Financial Inclusion and Economic Output in Nigeria

Author

Listed:
  • Olaniyi Evans

    (University of Lagos, Nigeria)

  • Olaniyi Lawanson

    (University of Lagos, Nigeria)

Abstract

This study evaluates the causal links between financial inclusion and economic output, as well asbetween financial inclusion and the five sectors of the Nigerian economy using cointegration andGranger causality test. The results suggest that there is bi-directional causality between financialinclusion and the aggregate economy. In most cases, there is bi-directional causality betweenfinancial inclusion and the sectors of the economy as well. This study also shows that financial usagehas higher causal links with the economy and its sectors than financial access. Thus, a responsiblepursuit of financial inclusion in Nigeria will emphasize not only creation of access to finance, but mostimportantly, its usage. This study establishes financial inclusion as a potent accelerator of economicprogress, which can help realize the national objectives of building shared prosperity and abolishingextreme poverty. For policymakers, the message is clear: Mainstream rural credit from banks andother financial intermediaries in such a way as to realize increased coverage, broaden financialinclusion and stimulate output.

Suggested Citation

  • Olaniyi Evans & Olaniyi Lawanson, 2017. "A Multi-Sectoral Study of Financial Inclusion and Economic Output in Nigeria," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(1), pages 195-204, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:ovi:oviste:v:xvii:y:2017:i:1:p:195-204
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Allen, Franklin & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Klapper, Leora & Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad, 2016. "The foundations of financial inclusion: Understanding ownership and use of formal accounts," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 1-30.
    2. Demirgüç-Kunt, A. & Beck, T.H.L. & Honohan, P., 2008. "Finance for all? : Policies and pitfalls in expanding access," Other publications TiSEM aec73d3a-d6eb-457f-9182-3, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    3. Mohieldin , Mahmoud & Rostom , Ahmed & Fu, Xiaochen & Iqbal, Zamir, 2012. "The Role of Islamic Finance in Enhancing Financial Inclusion in Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Countries," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 20, pages 55-120.
    4. Ashraf, Nava & Karlan, Dean & Yin, Wesley, 2010. "Female Empowerment: Impact of a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(3), pages 333-344, March.
    5. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Newman, Andrew F, 1993. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 274-298, April.
    6. Beck, Thorsten & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad, 2007. "Reaching out: Access to and use of banking services across countries," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 234-266, July.
    7. Granger, C. W. J., 1988. "Some recent development in a concept of causality," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1-2), pages 199-211.
    8. Swamy, Vighneswara, 2010. "Bank-based Financial Intermediation for Financial Inclusion and Inclusive Growth," MPRA Paper 47510, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial inclusion; output; sectoral output; causality;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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