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Risks of Climate Change and Credit Institution Stress Tests


  • Eszter Boros

    (Magyar Nemzeti Bank)


Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, even in the short term, and financial institutions will not escape its economic effects either. Focusing on the key players of the Hungarian financing model, i.e. commercial banks, the essay reviews how the risks associated with climate change can be assessed in the context of stress tests. To do this, it considers the most recent literature on the topic and aspects that have emerged in analyst practice. The discussion of the connected issues of this special stress testing process contributes to developing the framework of domestic bank climate stress tests, to identifying the most important challenges, and it provides guidelines for their management. The most significant revealed difficulties are the accurate capturing of climate shocks and identifying their macroeconomic channels. In addition, the transformation of standard banking risk models may also require significant work.

Suggested Citation

  • Eszter Boros, 2020. "Risks of Climate Change and Credit Institution Stress Tests," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 19(4), pages 107-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:mnb:finrev:v:19:y:2020:i:4:p:107-131

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Eszter Baranyai & Adam Banai, 2022. "Feeling the Heat: Mortgage Lending and Central Bank Options," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 21(1), pages 5-31.
    2. Balint Vargedo, 2022. "Climate Stress Test: The Impact of Carbon Price Shock on the Probability of Default in the Hungarian Banking System," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 21(4), pages 57-82.
    3. Pal Peter Kolozsi & Balazs Istvan Horvath & Judit Csutine-Baranyai & Veronika Tengely, 2022. "Monetary Policy and Green Transition," Financial and Economic Review, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary), vol. 21(4), pages 7-28.
    4. Chekani Nkwaira & Huibrecht Margaretha van der Poll, 2023. "The Intricacies of Climate-Related Risks on European Banks’ Estimation of Expected Credit Losses: Linking Proper Accounting of Climate Risks to Shareholder Required Returns," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 11(1), pages 1-14.

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    More about this item


    sustainable finance; climate change; carbon neutral transition; stress test; risk management;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics
    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth


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