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Private equity, investment and financial constraints: firm-level evidence for France and the United Kingdom

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  • Dirk Engel
  • Joel Stiebale

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Abstract

This paper analyses the effects of private equity firms on the investments and financial constraints of their portfolio firms. We use dynamic panel data techniques to account for unobserved firm heterogeneity and endogeneity of private equity backed buyouts and expansion financing, and apply our framework to a large panel data set of firms in the UK and France. In both countries, we find that portfolio firms are characterized by higher investment levels and fewer financial constraints after expansion financing. In the UK, private equity backed buyouts outperform non-private equity backed firms in terms of both indicators. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

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  • Dirk Engel & Joel Stiebale, 2014. "Private equity, investment and financial constraints: firm-level evidence for France and the United Kingdom," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 43(1), pages 197-212, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:43:y:2014:i:1:p:197-212
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-013-9530-8
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    Cited by:

    1. Amess, Kevin & Stiebale, Joel & Wright, Mike, 2015. "The impact of private equity on firms' innovation activity," DICE Discussion Papers 184, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    2. Bertoni, Fabio & Croce, Annalisa & Guerini, Massimiliano, 2015. "Venture capital and the investment curve of young high-tech companies," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 159-176.
    3. Amess, Kevin & Stiebale, Joel & Wright, Mike, 2016. "The impact of private equity on firms׳ patenting activity," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 147-160.
    4. Friedemann Polzin & Helen Toxopeus & Erik Stam, 2018. "The wisdom of the crowd in funding: information heterogeneity and social networks of crowdfunders," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 50(2), pages 251-273, February.
    5. Regis, Paulo José, 2015. "Access to Credit and Investment Decisions of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in China: Size Matters," RIEI Working Papers 2015-01, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Research Institute for Economic Integration, revised 14 Jun 2016.
    6. Anne Stevenot & Loris Guery & Geoffrey Wood & Chris Brewster, 2018. "Country of Origin Effects and New Financial Actors: Private Equity Investment and Work and Employment Practices of French Firms," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 56(4), pages 859-881, December.
    7. Annalisa Croce & Jose Martí & Carmelo Reverte, 2019. "The role of private versus governmental venture capital in fostering job creation during the crisis," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(4), pages 879-900, December.
    8. Jiří Schwarz & Martin Pospíšil, 2018. "Bankruptcy, Investment, and Financial Constraints: Evidence from the Czech Republic," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(2), pages 99-121, March.
    9. Bertoni, Fabio & Martí, Jose & Reverte, Carmelo, 2019. "The impact of government-supported participative loans on the growth of entrepreneurial ventures," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 371-384.
    10. Elisa Ughetto, 2016. "Investments, Financing Constraints and Buyouts: the Effect of Private Equity Investors on the Sensitivity of Investments to Cash Flow," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 84(1), pages 25-54, January.
    11. Procher, Vivien D. & Engel, Dirk, 2018. "The investment-divestment relationship: Resource shifts and intersubsidiary competition within MNEs," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 528-542.
    12. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Marco Pini, 2018. "Credit Rationing and the Relationship Between Family Businesses and Banks in Italy," CERBE Working Papers wpC24, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    13. Annalisa Croce & José Martí, 2017. "Financial constraints in family firms and the role of venture capital," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 44(1), pages 119-144, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Private equity; Investment; Financial constraints; GMM; G32; D92; G23; L26;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • D92 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Intertemporal Firm Choice, Investment, Capacity, and Financing
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors

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