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Technical efficiency and technological gap of New Zealand dairy farms: a stochastic meta-frontier model

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  • Nan Jiang

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  • Basil Sharp

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Abstract

The New Zealand North and South Island dairy farms differ in terms of climate, soil type and farming history. Using stochastic frontier models, an unbalanced panel of 1,294 dairy farms for the period between 1998/99 and 2006/07 is employed to test the hypothesis that the two regions share the same technology (The New Zealand dairy season runs from 1 June to 31 May each year). Results indicate heterogeneity in production technology across farms located in different islands. A meta-frontier model proposed by Battese et al. (J Product Anal 21:91–103, 2004 ) and O’Donnell et al. (Empir Econ 34:231–255, 2008 ) is therefore used to calculate the technological gap and compare on-farm technical efficiency. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Nan Jiang & Basil Sharp, 2015. "Technical efficiency and technological gap of New Zealand dairy farms: a stochastic meta-frontier model," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 39-49, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jproda:v:44:y:2015:i:1:p:39-49
    DOI: 10.1007/s11123-015-0429-z
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Antonio José Orozco-Gallo, 2015. "Eficiencia técnica de los hogares con producción agropecuaria en Colombia," Documentos de trabajo sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 227, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Wanglin Ma & Kathryn Bicknell & Alan Renwick, 2019. "Feed use intensification and technical efficiency of dairy farms in New Zealand," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 63(1), pages 20-38, January.
    3. repec:bla:jageco:v:69:y:2018:i:3:p:739-755 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:ejores:v:269:y:2018:i:3:p:1013-1026 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra & Antonio José Orozco-Gallo, 2017. "Technical efficiency for Colombian small crop and livestock farmers: A stochastic metafrontier approach for different production systems," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 1-16, February.
    6. repec:bla:coecpo:v:37:y:2019:i:2:p:332-348 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Meta-frontier model; Stochastic production frontier; NZ dairy farming; D24; L23; Q12; Q16;

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services

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