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What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies? Empirical Evidence from Patent Data

  • Antoine Dechezleprêtre

    ()

  • Matthieu Glachant

    ()

  • Yann Ménière

    ()

Technology transfer plays a key role in global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, we characterize the factors that promote or hinder the international diffusion of climate-friendly technologies using detailed patent data from 96 countries for the period 1995–2007. The data provide strong evidence that lax Intellectual Property regimes have a strong and negative impact on the international diffusion of patented knowledge. Restrictions on international trade and foreign direct investment also hinder the diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. Surprisingly, local technological capabilities tend to discourage transfers. While broad indicators of technology capabilities are expected to facilitate transfers, this latter result stems from our technology-specific definition of local capabilities, which makes it possible to capture a substitution effect between local and foreign inventions. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2013

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10640-012-9592-0
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Article provided by European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists in its journal Environmental and Resource Economics.

Volume (Year): 54 (2013)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 161-178

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Handle: RePEc:kap:enreec:v:54:y:2013:i:2:p:161-178
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