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What Drives the International Transfer of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies? Empirical Evidence from Patent Data

  • Antoine Dechezleprêtre

    (Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment - London School of Economics)

  • Matthieu Glachant

    (CERNA - Centre d'économie industrielle - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)

  • Yann Ménière

    ()

    (CERNA - Centre d'économie industrielle - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)

Article Abstract : Technology transfer plays a key role in global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this paper, we characterize the factors that promote or hinder the international diffusion of climate-friendly technologies using detailed patent data from 96 countries for the period 1995-2007. The data provide strong evidence that lax Intellectual Property regimes have a strong and negative impact on the international diffusion of patented knowledge. Restrictions on international trade and foreign direct investment also hinder the diffusion of climate-friendly technologies. Surprisingly, local technological capabilities tend to discourage transfers. While broad indicators of technology capabilities are expected to facilitate transfers, this latter result stems from our technology-specific definition of local capabilities, which makes it possible to capture a substitution effect between local and foreign inventions.Working paper abstract: Using patent data from 66 countries for the period 1990-2003, we characterize the factors which promote or hinder the international diffusion of climate-friendly technologies on a global scale. Regression results show that technology-specific capabilities of the recipient countries are determinant factors. In contrast, the general level of education is less important. We also show that restrictions to international trade--e.g., high tariff rates--and to a lesser extent lax intellectual property regimes negatively influence the international diffusion of patented knowledge. A counter-intuitive result is that barriers to foreign direct investments can promote transfers. We discuss different possible interpretations.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number hal-00488268.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Publication status: Published, Environmental and Resource Economics, 2013, 54, 2, 161-178
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00488268
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal-ensmp.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00488268
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