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Energy Use Patterns in German Industry: Evidence from Plant-level Data

  • Petrick Sebastian

    ()

    (Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Hindenburgufer 66, 24105 Kiel, Germany)

  • Rehdanz Katrin

    ()

    (Christian-Albrechts University of Kiel and Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Hindenburgufer 66, 24105 Kiel, Germany)

  • Wagner Ulrich J.

    ()

    (Universidad Carlos III deMadrid, CalleMadrid 126, 28903 Getafe (Madrid), Spain)

This paper analyzes energy use and CO2 emissions of more than 78 000 German industrial plants between 1995 and 2006. It is the first study to exploit exceptionally rich energy data that were recently matched to official micro datasets. We document that both energy use and intensity are highly dispersed across plants. When isolating the between-sector variation in energy intensity, there is a strong positive correlation with energy use, CO2 emissions and emission intensity. Yet there is no evidence that the scale of an industry determines its energy intensity. The dispersion of energy use across plants of a given sector, normalized by the median, is positively correlated with that of gross output, but not with the median energy use. Similarly, there is no evidence that the median energy intensity is correlated with the within- sector dispersion of energy intensity or with that of CO2 emissions. Looking at the fuel mix across sectors, we find that more energy intensive industries rely more on fuels other than electricity, although the variability among plants in those industries is extremely high. We also demonstrate that average fuel shares are sensitive to the skewness of the underlying distribution and recommend the use of median fuel shares for better representativeness.

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Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik).

Volume (Year): 231 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (June)
Pages: 379-414

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:231:y:2011:i:3:p:379-414
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  1. Stefan Mangelsdorf, 2007. "Ostdeutsche Industrie holt auf! Entwicklung des Verarbeitenden Gewerbes in Berlin und Brandenburg," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer;Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft - German Statistical Society, vol. 1(3), pages 205-215, December.
  2. Wagner, Joachim, 2009. "Offshoring and Firm Performance: Self-Selection, Effects on Performance, or Both?," IZA Discussion Papers 4605, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Joachim Wagner, 2009. "The Research Potential of New Types of Enterprise Data based on Surveys from Official Statistics in Germany," Working Paper Series of the German Council for Social and Economic Data 121, German Council for Social and Economic Data (RatSWD).
  4. Girma, Sourafel & Görg, Holger & Wagner, Joachim, 2009. "Subsidies and Exports in Germany: First Evidence from Enterprise Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 4076, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Lutz, Christian & Meyer, Bernd & Nathani, Carsten & Schleich, Joachim, 2005. "Endogenous technological change and emissions: the case of the German steel industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1143-1154, June.
  6. Joachim Wagner, 2010. "Entry, Exit and Productivity: Empirical Results for German Manufacturing Industries," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11, pages 78-85, 02.
  7. Bernd Görzig & Ramona Pohl, 2007. "Diversifizierungsstrategien deutscher Unternehmen," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer;Deutsche Statistische Gesellschaft - German Statistical Society, vol. 1(3), pages 179-191, December.
  8. Michael Konold, 2007. "European Data Watch: New possibilities for economic research through integration of establishment-level panel data of German official statistics," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 127(2), pages 321-334.
  9. repec:jns:jbstat:v:227:y:2007:i:2:p:168-186 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Fryges, Helmut & Wagner, Joachim, 2008. "Exports and Profitability: First Evidence for German Manufacturing Firms," IZA Discussion Papers 3798, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Joachim Wagner, 2006. "Politikrelevante Folgerungen aus Analysen mit Firmendaten der Amtlichen Statistik," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 126(3), pages 359-374.
  12. Anja Malchin & Ramona Voshage, 2009. "Official Firm Data for Germany," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 129(3), pages 501-513.
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