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Co-location and Spatial Wage Spillovers in China: The Role of Foreign Ownership and Trade

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  • Elliott, Robert J.R.
  • Zhou, Ying

Abstract

This paper examines how wages in China are influenced by the interaction and co-location of firms across geographical space. Specifically, and with an emphasis on globally engaged firms and China’s uneven growth across regions we use a spatial econometric approach to estimate the direct and indirect impact of foreign-ownership and export participation on wages. Spatial Durbin Model results reveal an indirect effect of foreign-ownership and exporting on the compensation of workers in co-located firms as well as evidence in support of the standard direct effect that foreign firms, exporters, and firms with a highly educated workforce pay higher wages.

Suggested Citation

  • Elliott, Robert J.R. & Zhou, Ying, 2015. "Co-location and Spatial Wage Spillovers in China: The Role of Foreign Ownership and Trade," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 629-644.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:66:y:2015:i:c:p:629-644
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.09.001
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    Cited by:

    1. Vo, Xuan Vinh, 2015. "Foreign ownership and stock return volatility – Evidence from Vietnam," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 101-109.
    2. Nguyen, Dao Thi Hong, 2019. "Inward foreign direct investment and local wages: The case of Vietnam’s wholesale and retail industry," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    3. Peng Bin & Andrea Fracasso, 2017. "Regional Consumption Inequality in China: An Oaxaca-Blinder Decomposition at the Prefectural Level," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(3), pages 459-486, September.
    4. Barbieri, Elisa & Di Tommaso, Marco R. & Pollio, Chiara & Rubini, Lauretta, 2020. "Getting the specialization right. Industrialization in Southern China in a sustainable development perspective," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 126(C).
    5. Nicola D. Coniglio & Rezart Hoxhaj, 2018. "Global interactions and the ‘twin’ gender gaps in employment and wages: evidence from Vietnam," RSCAS Working Papers 2018/18, European University Institute.

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    Keywords

    wages; FDI; trade; co-location; China; spatial econometrics;

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