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Forecasting the labor intensity and labor income share for G7 countries in the digital age

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  • Akaev, Askar
  • Devezas, Tessaleno
  • Ichkitidze, Yuri
  • Sarygulov, Askar

Abstract

The development of digital technology has raised concerns about a decline in labor activity. In this paper, we offer predictions of the possible dynamics of the share of labor income for G7 countries, based on an assessment of the parameters of the factor-augmenting CES function. Particular attention is paid not only to the parameter of elasticity of substitution, but also to the measurement of relative labor intensity, which is ignored in most similar works. We show that a decrease in the share of labor income under a substitution elasticity of less than one occurs due to a trend towards an increase in relative labor intensity while reducing the ratio of investment to output. This pattern is a theoretical anomaly and can be reasonably explained by the growth of monopoly power under the development of the digital economy. Continuation of this trend in the next 30 years may lead to a decrease in the share of labor income in the G7 countries by an average of 5–16%.

Suggested Citation

  • Akaev, Askar & Devezas, Tessaleno & Ichkitidze, Yuri & Sarygulov, Askar, 2021. "Forecasting the labor intensity and labor income share for G7 countries in the digital age," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 167(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:tefoso:v:167:y:2021:i:c:s0040162521001074
    DOI: 10.1016/j.techfore.2021.120675
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CES production functions; Labor share; Technological change; Artificial intelligence; Inequality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E27 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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