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GMM gradient tests for spatial dynamic panel data models

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  • Taşpınar, Süleyman
  • Doğan, Osman
  • Bera, Anil K.

Abstract

In this study, we formulate adjusted gradient tests when the alternative model used to construct tests deviates from the true data generating process for a spatial dynamic panel data (SDPD) model. Following Bera et al. (2010), we introduce these adjusted gradient tests along with their standard counterparts within a generalized method of moments framework. These tests can be used to detect the presence of (i) the contemporaneous spatial lag terms, (ii) the time lag term, and (iii) the spatial time lag terms in a high order SDPD model. These adjusted tests have two advantages: (i) their null asymptotic distribution is a central chi-squared distribution irrespective of the mis-specified alternative model, and (ii) their test statistics are computationally simple and require only the ordinary least-squares estimates from a non-spatial two-way panel data model. We investigate the finite sample size and power properties of these tests through a Monte Carlo study. Our results indicates that the adjusted gradient tests have good finite sample properties. Finally, using an application from the empirical growth literature we complement our findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Taşpınar, Süleyman & Doğan, Osman & Bera, Anil K., 2017. "GMM gradient tests for spatial dynamic panel data models," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 65-88.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:65:y:2017:i:c:p:65-88
    DOI: 10.1016/j.regsciurbeco.2017.04.008
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    1. Bera, Anil K. & Doğan, Osman & Taşpınar, Süleyman, 2018. "Simple tests for endogeneity of spatial weights matrices," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 130-142.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Spatial dynamic panel data model; SDPD; GMM; Robust LM tests; GMM gradient tests; Inference.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models

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