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Is land certification pro-poor? Evidence from Ethiopia

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  • Ayalew, Hailemariam
  • Admasu, Yeshwas
  • Chamberlin, Jordan

Abstract

The establishment of secure and easily transferable land rights are a key component of rural development and poverty reduction strategies in many developing countries. In this paper, we use data on the Ethiopian land certification program to examine the impact of land certification on consumption expenditures of poor rural households in Ethiopia. We find that land certification significantly improves the welfare of poor rural households, as measured through changes in consumption expenditure, and that the magnitude of these effects increases with the duration of land certificate ownership. We further show that rental market participation increased after certification and is one of the primary channels through which land certification affects consumption expenditure outcomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayalew, Hailemariam & Admasu, Yeshwas & Chamberlin, Jordan, 2021. "Is land certification pro-poor? Evidence from Ethiopia," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:lauspo:v:107:y:2021:i:c:s0264837721002064
    DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105483
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Land certification; Pro-poor; Consumption expenditure; Household welfare; Difference-in-difference; Ethiopia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • P14 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Property Rights
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q24 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Land
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy

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