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Transportation intensity, urbanization, economic growth, and CO2 emissions in the G-20 countries

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  • Arvin, Mak B.
  • Pradhan, Rudra P.
  • Norman, Neville R.

Abstract

This paper examines linkages among transportation intensity, the extent of urbanization, CO2 emissions, and economic growth. We use two measures of transportation intensity: (i) per-capita rates of utilization of air-passenger transport facilities and (ii) per-capita rates of utilization of air-freight transport facilities. By studying the G-20 countries over the period 1961–2012 and employing a panel vector auto-regressive model for detecting Granger causality, we find a network of causal connections among these four variables in the short run. We also find that economic growth tends to converge to its long-run equilibrium path in response to changes in the other variables. Our fundamental conclusion is that passenger carriage intensity should be improved in the developing countries within the G-20 for the purpose of propelling economic growth.

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  • Arvin, Mak B. & Pradhan, Rudra P. & Norman, Neville R., 2015. "Transportation intensity, urbanization, economic growth, and CO2 emissions in the G-20 countries," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 50-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:juipol:v:35:y:2015:i:c:p:50-66
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2015.07.003
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    1. Yang, Xue & Wang, Shaojian & Zhang, Wenzhong & Li, Jiaming & Zou, Yafeng, 2016. "Impacts of energy consumption, energy structure, and treatment technology on SO2 emissions: A multi-scale LMDI decomposition analysis in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 714-726.
    2. repec:eee:trapol:v:66:y:2018:i:c:p:116-126 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Abid, Mehdi, 2016. "Impact of economic, financial, and institutional factors on CO2 emissions: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa economies," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 85-94.
    4. Mladenović, Igor & Sokolov-Mladenović, Svetlana & Milovančević, Milos & Marković, Dušan & Simeunović, Nenad, 2016. "Management and estimation of thermal comfort, carbon dioxide emission and economic growth by support vector machine," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 466-476.
    5. repec:eee:trapol:v:61:y:2018:i:c:p:17-25 is not listed on IDEAS

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