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Centres and Peripheries in Finland: Granger Causality Tests Using Panel Data

Listed author(s):
  • Hannu Tervo

Abstract Despite their importance from a policy point of view, empirical studies on the effects of growth centres in their regions are rare. This paper analyses mutual relationships between growth processes in centres and their surrounding hinterlands in 19 Finnish regions. Annual population data from the period 1970–2004 are used. A novel testing procedure based on an extension of the Granger causality definition in a panel data context is applied. Heterogeneity between regions is allowed. Both the homogeneous non-causality hypothesis and the homogeneous causality hypothesis are rejected. Causal processes prove to be heterogeneous. Causality from centres to peripheries is found for nine regions and causality from peripheries to centres for twelve regions. Rapidly growing and large centres, in particular, have negative effects on their hinterlands. Centres et banlieues en Finlande: tests de causalité de Granger faisant usage de données de panel RÉSUMÉ En dépit de leur importance sur le plan de la politique, les études empiriques sur les effets des centres d'expansion dans leurs régions sont rares. La présente communication analyse, dans dix-neuf régions de la Finlande, les rapports réciproques entre procédés d'expansion dans les centres et leur arrière-pays environnant. Pour ceci, on utilise des données sur la population annuelle remontant à la période 1970–2004. On applique une nouvelle technique de test basée sur une extension de la définition de Granger dans le contexte de données de panel. L'hétérogénéité entre les régions est admise. Tant l'hypothèse de la non causalité homogène que celle de la causalité homogène sont rejetées. Les techniques causales s'avèrent être hétérogènes. On relève une causalité des centres aux banlieues dans neuf régions, et des banlieues aux centres ville dans douze régions. Notamment, les centres ville de grande taille et en pleine expansion ont un effet négatif sur leur arrière-pays. Centros y periferias en Finlandia: Ensayos de causalidad de Granger utilizando datos de panel RÉSUMÉN A pesar de su importancia desde un punto de vista de políticas, los estudios empíricos sobre los efectos de los centros de crecimiento en sus regiones son escasos. Este trabajo analiza las relaciones mutuas entre los procesos de crecimiento en los centros y sus interiores vecinos, en diecinueve regiones finlandesas. Se utilizan datos anuales de población entre el período de 1970–2004. Se aplica un nuevo procedimiento de ensayo basado en una extensión de la definición de causalidad de Granger dentro de un contexto de datos de panel. Se tiene en cuenta la heterogeneidad entre regiones. Se rechazan tanto la hipótesis de no causalidad homogénea como la hipótesis de causalidad homogénea. Los procesos causales demuestran ser heterogéneos. Causalidad de centros a periferias se encuentra en nueve regiones, y causalidad de periferias a centros en doce regiones. Los centros grandes y de rápido crecimiento, en particular, tienen efectos negativos sobre sus interiores.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 377-390

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Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:4:p:377-390
DOI: 10.1080/17421770903317652
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  1. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & Kamar Ali & M. Rose Olfert, 2008. "Lost in space: population growth in the American hinterlands and small cities," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(6), pages 727-757, November.
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  8. Kaldor, Nicholas, 1970. "The Case for Regional Policies," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 17(3), pages 337-348, November.
  9. Mark Partridge & Ray D. Bollman & M. Rose Olfert & Alessandro Alasia, 2007. "Riding the Wave of Urban Growth in the Countryside: Spread, Backwash, or Stagnation?," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 83(2), pages 128-152.
  10. Schmitt, Bertrand & Henry, Mark S., 2000. "Size and growth of urban centers in French labor market areas: consequences for rural population and employment," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 1-21, January.
  11. Hood, M. V. & Kidd, Quentin & Morris, Irwin L., 2008. "Two Sides of the Same Coin? Employing Granger Causality Tests in a Time Series Cross-Section Framework," Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(03), pages 324-344, June.
  12. Erkan Erdil & I. Hakan Yetkiner, 2009. "The Granger-causality between health care expenditure and output: a panel data approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(4), pages 511-518.
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  15. repec:dau:papers:123456789/6159 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
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