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The Granger-causality between health care expenditure and output: a panel data approach

  • Erkan Erdil
  • I. Hakan Yetkiner

This study investigates the Granger-causality relationship between real per capita GDP and real per capita health care expenditure by employing a large macro panel data set with a VAR representation. The findings verify that the dominant type of Granger-causality is bidirectional. In instances that we found one-way causality, the pattern is not homogenous: Our analyses show that one-way causality generally runs from income to health in low- and middle-income countries whereas the reverse holds for high-income countries. Accordingly, care must be paid in defining the dependent and independent variables when specifying the determinants of health care expenditure.

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File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00036840601019083
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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Applied Economics.

Volume (Year): 41 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 511-518

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Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:4:p:511-518
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