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Wage and Labor Supply effects of Illness in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana : Instrumental Variable Estimates for Days Disabled

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  • Schultz, T-P

Abstract

Sickness should make individuals less productive, but there are problems in measuring this effect. First, how is adult morbidity measured in a household survey? Second, how is the impact of morbidity on productivity inferred, if earning is partly used to improve health? Self-reported functional activity limitation due to illness is considered as an indicator of morbidity for wage earners and self employed. To deal with both the measurement and joint determination problems, an instrumental variable estimation approach is used where local food prices and health services instrument for disability days that reduce wages by at least 10 percent and hours by 3 of more percent.

Suggested Citation

  • Schultz, T-P, 1996. "Wage and Labor Supply effects of Illness in Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana : Instrumental Variable Estimates for Days Disabled," Papers 757, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:fth:yalegr:757
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    HEALTH; NUTRITION; MORTALITY; MORBIDITY; DISABILITY; ECONOMIC BEHAVIOUR; HUMAN RESOURCES; LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY; WAGE POLICY; WAGES; GHANA; COTE D'IVOIRE;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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