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Firms’ adoption of international standards: One size fits all?


  • Hudson, John
  • Orviska, Marta


We analyse the take-up by firms of internationally recognized standards such as ISO 9000 and ISO 14000. Based on an analysis of 11,668 firms in countries in Asia and Eastern Europe, we conclude that the probability of standard certification increases with firm size, is greatest in large cities and in manufacturing industries. There are other differences, including between countries. Given these differences, we argue that single generic standards for all firms may not be optimal and that there is a case for the simultaneous publication of differentiated standards targeted at different user characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Hudson, John & Orviska, Marta, 2013. "Firms’ adoption of international standards: One size fits all?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 289-306.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:35:y:2013:i:2:p:289-306 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpolmod.2012.04.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fikru, Mahelet G., 2016. "Determinants of International Standards in sub-Saharan Africa: The role of institutional pressure from different stakeholders," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 296-307.
    2. Victoria Golikova & Boris Kuznetsov, 2014. "Do Russian Firms Need ISO Certification for Exporting?," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1721, European Regional Science Association.
    3. GRZEGORZ MICHALSki, 2016. "Risk Pressure and Inventories Levels. Influence of Risk Sensitivity on Working Capital Level," ECONOMIC COMPUTATION AND ECONOMIC CYBERNETICS STUDIES AND RESEARCH, Faculty of Economic Cybernetics, Statistics and Informatics, vol. 50(1), pages 189-196.
    4. Mulu Gebreeyesus, 2015. "Firm adoption of international standards: evidence from the Ethiopian floriculture sector," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 46(S1), pages 139-155, November.
    5. Clougherty, Joseph A. & Grajek, Michal & Shy, Oz, 2016. "Taking 'Some' of the Mimicry Out of the Adoption Process: Quality-Management and Strategic Substitution," CEPR Discussion Papers 11661, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. repec:bla:jageco:v:68:y:2017:i:2:p:427-450 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Fikru, Mahelet G., 2014. "Firm Level Determinants of International Certification: Evidence from Ethiopia," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 286-297.
    8. Federico Bernini & Lucas Figal Garone & Alessandro Maffioli, 2017. "Certificación internacional de calidad: ¿Señalizando a quién?: Impacto en el desempeño de empresas en Argentina," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 97438, Inter-American Development Bank.
    9. Ullah, Barkat & Wei, Zuobao & Xie, Feixue, 2014. "ISO certification, financial constraints, and firm performance in Latin American and Caribbean countries," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 203-228.
    10. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:197:d:64270 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Elisa Calza & Micheline Goedhuys & Neda Trifkovic, 2017. "Drivers of productivity in Vietnamese SMEs: The role of management standards and innovation," WIDER Working Paper Series 068, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item


    ISO 9000; ISO 14000; Firms; Standards; Product quality;

    JEL classification:

    • L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations


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