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Loan interest rate pass-through and changes after the financial crisis: Japan’s evidence

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  • Kitamura, Tomiyuki
  • Muto, Ichiro
  • Takei, Ikuo

Abstract

We estimate interest rate pass-through in the loan market using an individual bank-based panel dataset from Japan. Previous studies using data from European countries have presented a number of common findings, including that banks with a high proportion of relationship lending tend to set lower pass-through. In this respect, we have obtained similar results using a dataset for Japan going back to the early 2000s. We further examine the influence of borrowing firms’ balance sheet characteristics on loan interest rate pass-through, and find that these additional factors are also important determinants for pass-through dispersion. However, after the recent global financial crisis, even banks with a high proportion of relationship lending have largely lowered loan interest rates by raising pass-through, and pass-through has not necessarily been determined in accordance with borrowing firms’ balance sheet characteristics. These results differ from those of recent studies on European countries. Possible background factors explaining this change are that (i) pressure to lower loan interest rates has risen due to extensive monetary easing and greater lending competition among banks, while Japan’s banking system as a whole has maintained its resilience in the post-crisis period; (ii) demand for bank loans has increased substantially due to disruptions in the market for alternative funding sources, such as commercial paper and corporate bonds; and (iii) public measures to increase bank loans have been broadly introduced in Japan.

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  • Kitamura, Tomiyuki & Muto, Ichiro & Takei, Ikuo, 2016. "Loan interest rate pass-through and changes after the financial crisis: Japan’s evidence," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 10-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:42:y:2016:i:c:p:10-30
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jjie.2016.10.002
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    Cited by:

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    2. Victor Pontines & Reza Y. Siregar, 2017. "Non-core liabilities and monetary policy transmission in Indonesia during the post-2007 global financial crisis," CAMA Working Papers 2017-78, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    3. Aurélien Leroy & Yannick Lucotte, 2016. "Structural and Cyclical Determinants of Bank Interest-Rate Pass-Through in the Eurozone," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 58(2), pages 196-225, June.
    4. Ms. Laura Valderrama & Mr. Stefan W. Schmitz & Michael Sigmund, 2017. "Bank Solvency and Funding Cost: New Data and New Results," IMF Working Papers 2017/116, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Cummins, Mark & Mac an Bhaird, Ciarán & Rosati, Pierangleo & Lynn, Theo, 2020. "Institutional investment in online business lending markets," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    6. Holton, Sarah & d’Acri, Costanza Rodriguez, 2015. "Jagged cliffs and stumbling blocks: interest rate pass-through fragmentation during the Euro area crisis," Working Paper Series 1850, European Central Bank.
    7. Wolski, Marcin, 2018. "Sovereign risk and corporate cost of borrowing: Evidence from a counterfactual study," EIB Working Papers 2018/05, European Investment Bank (EIB).
    8. Thai V. H. Nguyen & Agyenim Boateng & Tra Thi Thu Pham, 2019. "Involuntary excess reserve and heterogeneous transmission of policy rates to bank lending rates in China," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 1023-1044, September.
    9. Egorov, Aleksei V. (Егоров, Алексей В.) & Borzykh, Olga A. (Борзых, Ольга А.), 2018. "Asymmetric Interest Rate Pass-Through in Russia [Асимметрия Процентного Канала Денежной Трансмиссии В России]," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 1, pages 92-121, February.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Loan interest rate; Pass-through; Relationship lending; Financial crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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