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Market-specific and Currency-specific Risk During the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from the Interbank Markets in Tokyo and London

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  • Shin-ichi Fukuda

Abstract

This paper explores how international money markets reflected credit and liquidity risks during the global financial crisis. After matching the currency denomination, we investigate how the Tokyo Interbank Offered Rate (TIBOR) was synchronized with the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) denominated in the US dollar and the Japanese yen. Regardless of the currency denomination, TIBOR was highly synchronized with LIBOR in tranquil periods. However, the interbank rates showed substantial deviations in turbulent periods. We find remarkable asymmetric responses in reflecting market-specific and currency-specific risks during the crisis. The regression results suggest that counter-party credit risk increased the difference across the markets, while liquidity risk caused the difference across the currency denominations. They also support the view that a shortage of US dollar as liquidity distorted the international money markets during the crisis. We find that coordinated central bank liquidity provisions were useful in reducing liquidity risk in the US dollar transactions. But their effectiveness was asymmetric across the markets.

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  • Shin-ichi Fukuda, 2011. "Market-specific and Currency-specific Risk During the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from the Interbank Markets in Tokyo and London," NBER Working Papers 16962, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16962
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    1. Fukuda, Shin-ichi, 2015. "Abenomics: Why was it so successful in changing market expectations?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 1-20.
    2. Kitamura, Tomiyuki & Muto, Ichiro & Takei, Ikuo, 2016. "Loan interest rate pass-through and changes after the financial crisis: Japan’s evidence," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 10-30.
    3. Fukuda, Shin-ichi & Tanaka, Mariko, 2017. "Monetary policy and covered interest parity in the post GFC period: Evidence from the Australian dollar and the NZ dollar," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 301-317.
    4. Rogoff, Kenneth S. & Tashiro, Takeshi, 2015. "Japan’s exorbitant privilege," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 43-61.
    5. repec:dug:journl:y:2016:i:3:p:127-137 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Shin-ichi Fukuda, 2016. "Regional Liquidity Risk and Covered Interest Parity During the Global Financial Crisis: Evidence from Tokyo, London, and New York," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(3), pages 339-359, July.
    7. Contessi, Silvio & De Pace, Pierangelo & Guidolin, Massimo, 2014. "How did the financial crisis alter the correlations of U.S. yield spreads?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 362-385.
    8. Knezevic, David & Krüger, Niclas & Nordström, Martin, 2019. "A Guarantee – Does the Obligee Agree? A Risk Premium Decomposition of Sub-Sovereign Bond Spreads," Working Papers 2019:12, Örebro University, School of Business.
    9. Noor Azryani Auzairy & Chee Yong Thing, 2016. "Lending Interest Rates’ Relationships of Malaysia and Other Countries," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 12(3), pages 127-137, JUNE.
    10. Fukunaga, Ichiro & Kato, Naoya, 2016. "Japanese repo and call markets before, during, and emerging from the financial crisis," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 17-34.
    11. Hanabusa, Kunihiro, 2017. "Japan’s quantitative monetary easing policy: Effect on the level and volatility of yield spreads," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 56-66.
    12. Shin-ichi Fukuda & Mariko Tanaka, 2013. "Financial Crises and Risk Premiums in International Interbank Markets," Public Policy Review, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan, vol. 9(1), pages 117-138, January.
    13. Alexius, Annika & Birenstam, Helene & Eklund, Johanna, 2014. "The interbank market risk premium, central bank interventions, and measures of market liquidity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PA), pages 202-217.
    14. Fukuda, Shin-ichi, 2016. "Strong sterling pound and weak European currencies in the crises: Evidence from covered interest parity of secured rates," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 109-122.
    15. Gallitschke, Janek & Seifried (née Müller), Stefanie & Seifried, Frank Thomas, 2017. "Interbank interest rates: Funding liquidity risk and XIBOR basis spreads," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 142-152.
    16. Ki Young Park & Ji Yong Um, 2016. "Spillover Effects of United States’ Unconventional Monetary Policy on Korean Bond Markets: Evidence from High-Frequency Data," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 54(1), pages 27-58, March.

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    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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