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The interbank market after the financial turmoil: Squeezing liquidity in a “lemons market” or asking liquidity “on tap”

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  • De Socio, Antonio

Abstract

After August 2007 the plumbing system that supplied banks with wholesale funding, the interbank market, failed because toxic assets obstructed the pipes. Banks were forced to squeeze liquidity in a “lemons market” or to ask for liquidity “on tap” from central banks. This paper disentangles the two components of the 3-month Euribor–Eonia swap spread, credit and liquidity risk and then evaluates the decomposition. The main finding is that credit risk increased before the key events of the crisis, while liquidity risk was mainly responsible for the subsequent increases in the Euribor spread and then reacted to the systemic responses of the central banks, especially in October 2008. Moreover, the level of the spread between May 2009 and February 2010 was influenced mainly by credit risk, suggesting that European banks were still in a “lemons market” and relied on liquidity “on tap” even before sovereign debt crisis unfolded in Europe.

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  • De Socio, Antonio, 2013. "The interbank market after the financial turmoil: Squeezing liquidity in a “lemons market” or asking liquidity “on tap”," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1340-1358.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:5:p:1340-1358 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.09.023
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    Cited by:

    1. Federico GIRI, 2014. "Does Interbank Market Matter for Business Cycle Fluctuation? An Estimated DSGE Model with Financial Frictions for the Euro Area," Working Papers 398, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
    2. de Haan, Leo & van den End, Jan Willem, 2013. "Bank liquidity, the maturity ladder, and regulation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 3930-3950.
    3. Agur, Itai, 2014. "Bank risk within and across equilibria," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 322-333.
    4. Flavius ROVINARU & Mihaela ROVINARU, 2014. "Investments And Development: Milestones Of Romania’S Evolution," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 38(1(47)), pages 197-207, June.
    5. Marcello Pericoli & Marco Taboga, 2015. "Decomposing euro area sovereign spreads: credit, liquidity and convenience," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1021, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    6. Marco Taboga, 2014. "What Is a Prime Bank? A Euribor–OIS Spread Perspective," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(1), pages 51-75, March.
    7. Pierre Pessarossi & Frédéric Vinas, 2015. "The supply of long-term credit after a funding shock: evidence from 2007-2009," Post-Print halshs-01224523, HAL.
    8. Gallitschke, Janek & Seifried (née Müller), Stefanie & Seifried, Frank Thomas, 2017. "Interbank interest rates: Funding liquidity risk and XIBOR basis spreads," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 142-152.
    9. Beyer, Andreas & Alter, Adrian, 2013. "The dynamics of spillover effects during the European sovereign debt crisis," Working Paper Series 1558, European Central Bank.
    10. Codruta Maria FAT & Simona MUTU, 2014. "Analyzing The Relationship Between Eonia And Eoniaswap Rates. A Cointegration Approach," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 38(1(47)), pages 197-207, June.
    11. Brossard, Olivier & Saroyan, Susanna, 2016. "Hoarding and short-squeezing in times of crisis: Evidence from the Euro overnight money market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 163-185.
    12. repec:ine:journl:v:2:y:2014:i:44:p:197-207 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Moisă Altăr & Alexandru-Adrian Cramer & Adam-Nelu Altăr-Samuel, 2015. "Sovereign Financial Asset Market Linkages across Europe During the Euro Zone Debt Crisis," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 29-49, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interbank markets; Credit risk; Liquidity risk; Financial crisis; Euribor spread;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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