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Financial Integration and Liquidity Crises

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  • Fabio Castiglionesi
  • Fabio Feriozzi
  • Guido Lorenzoni

Abstract

The paper analyzes the effects of financial integration on the stability of the banking system. Financial integration allows banks in different regions to smooth local liquidity shocks by borrowing and lending on a world interbank market. We show under which conditions financial integration induces banks to reduce their liquidity holdings and to shift their portfolios towards more profitable but less liquid investments. Integration helps reallocate liquidity when different banks are hit by uncorrelated shocks. However, when a correlated (systemic) shock hits, the total liquid resources in the banking system are lower than in autarky. Therefore, financial integration leads to more stable interbank interest rates in normal times, but to larger interest rate spikes in crises. These results hold in a setup where financial integration is welfare improving from an ex ante point of view. We also look at the model's implications for financial regulation and show that, in a second-best world, financial integration can increase the welfare benefits of liquidity requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Castiglionesi & Fabio Feriozzi & Guido Lorenzoni, 2017. "Financial Integration and Liquidity Crises," NBER Working Papers 23359, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:23359
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabio Castiglionesi & Noemi Navarro, 2020. "(In)Efficient Interbank Networks," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(2-3), pages 365-407, March.
    2. Kathleen Weiss Hanley & Gerard Hoberg, 2019. "Dynamic Interpretation of Emerging Risks in the Financial Sector," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 32(12), pages 4543-4603.
    3. Fabio Castiglionesi & Fabio Feriozzi & Gyöngyi Lóránth & Loriana Pelizzon, 2014. "Liquidity Coinsurance and Bank Capital," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(2-3), pages 409-443, March.
    4. Elena Carletti & Agnese Leonello, 2019. "Credit Market Competition and Liquidity Crises," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 23(5), pages 855-892.
    5. Hiroshi Fujiki, 2013. "Policy Measures to Alleviate Foreign Currency Liquidity Shortages under Aggregate Risk with Moral Hazard," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 64(4), pages 504-536, December.
    6. Kox, Henk L.M. & Leeuwen, George van, 2012. "Dynamic market selection in EU business services," MPRA Paper 41016, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Alexander Guembel & Oren Sussman, 2020. "The Pecking Order of Segmentation and Liquidity-Injection Policies in a Model of Contagious Crises," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 87(3), pages 1296-1330.
    8. Michiel Bijlsma & Wim Suyker, 2008. "The credit crisis and the Dutch economy... in eight frequently asked questions," CPB Memorandum 210.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    9. Fukuda, Shin-ichi, 2012. "Market-specific and currency-specific risk during the global financial crisis: Evidence from the interbank markets in Tokyo and London," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 3185-3196.
    10. Mark Carlson & David C. Wheelock, 2018. "Did the Founding of the Federal Reserve Affect the Vulnerability of the Interbank System to Contagion Risk?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 50(8), pages 1711-1750, December.
    11. Viral V. Acharya & Aaditya M. Iyer & Rangarajan K. Sundaram, 2020. "Risk-Sharing and the Creation of Systemic Risk," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(8), pages 1-1, August.
    12. John Nkwoma Inekwe & Yi Jin & Maria Rebecca Valenzuela, 2018. "Global financial network and liquidity risk," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 43(4), pages 593-613, November.
    13. Wang, Weijia, 2019. "A Pareto Criterion on Systemic Risk," MPRA Paper 93699, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Mark A. Carlson & David C. Wheelock, 2016. "Did the Founding of the Federal Reserve Affect the Vulnerability of the Interbank System to Systemic Risk?," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-059, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    15. Jose Fique, 2016. "A Microfounded Design of Interconnectedness-Based Macroprudential Policy," Staff Working Papers 16-6, Bank of Canada.
    16. Nathan Foley-Fisher & CARLOS RAMIREZ, 2018. "A Network Model for Financial Stability Monitoring," 2018 Meeting Papers 917, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    17. Toni Ahnert & Co-Pierre Georg & Gideon DuRand, 2019. "Anticipated Financial Contagion," 2019 Meeting Papers 1312, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    18. Carlos Ramirez, 2019. "Regulating Financial Networks Under Uncertainty," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2019-056, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    19. Choi, Seungho & Gam, Yong Kyu & Park, Junho & Shin, Hojong, 2020. "Bank partnership and liquidity crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 120(C).
    20. Ramírez, Carlos, 2020. "Regulating financial networks under uncertainty," ESRB Working Paper Series 107, European Systemic Risk Board.
    21. Augusto Hasman, 2013. "A Critical Review Of Contagion Risk In Banking," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(5), pages 978-995, December.
    22. Weijia Wang & Shaoan Huang, 0. "Risk sharing and financial stability: a welfare analysis," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 0, pages 1-18.
    23. Fabio Castiglionesi, 2014. "Discussion of Hakenes and Schnabel," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(s1), pages 289-293, February.
    24. Michiel Bijlsma & Jeroen Klomp & Sijmen Duineveld, 2010. "Systemic risk in the financial sector; a review and synthesis," CPB Document 210.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

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    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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