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Credit Market Competition and Liquidity Crises

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  • CARLETTI, Elena
  • LEONELLO, Agnese

Abstract

We develop a two-period model where banks invest in reserves and loans, and are subject to aggregate liquidity shocks. When banks face a a shortage of liquidity, they can sell loans on the interbank market. Two types of equilibria emerge. In the no default equilibrium, banks keep enough reserves and remain solvent. In the mixed equilibrium, some banks default with positive probability. The former equilibrium exists when credit market competition is intense, while the latter emerges when banks exercise market power. Thus, competition is beneficial to financial stability. The effect of default on welfare depends on the exogenous risk of the economy as represented by the probability of the good state of nature.

Suggested Citation

  • CARLETTI, Elena & LEONELLO, Agnese, 2012. "Credit Market Competition and Liquidity Crises," Economics Working Papers ECO2012/14, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2012/14
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    Cited by:

    1. Matsuoka, Tarishi, 2018. "Banks and liquidity crises in emerging market economies," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 43-62.
    2. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik & Gijsbert Zwart, 2012. "Inside Liquidity in Competitive Markets," CPB Discussion Paper 209, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    3. Mr. Sami Ben Naceur & Raja Almarzoqi & Alessandro Scopelliti, 2015. "How Does Bank Competition Affect Solvency, Liquidity and Credit Risk? Evidence from the MENA Countries," IMF Working Papers 2015/210, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Ronald Fischer & Nicolás Inostroza & Felipe J. Ramírez, 2015. "Banking Competition and Economic Stability," Documentos de Trabajo 320, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    5. Fabio Castiglionesi, 2014. "Discussion of Hakenes and Schnabel," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 46(s1), pages 289-293, February.
    6. Ronald Fischer & Nicolás Inostroza & Felipe J. Ramírez, 2013. "Banking Competition and Economic Stability," Documentos de Trabajo 296, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interbank market; default; price volatility;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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