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A Markov switching analysis of contagion in the EMS


  • Mandilaras, Alex
  • Bird, Graham


This paper applies the multivariate version of the Forbes and Rigobon (2002) contagion test, as proposed by Dungey et al. (2005a), to detect contagion effects in the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) of the European Monetary System (EMS). Crisis and non-crisis observations are determined endogenously via a Markov-switching vector autoregression (MSVAR). We show that the MSVAR is suitable for this purpose, as it does particularly well in identifying the 11 realignments of the ERM. We examine whether Denmark's rejection of the Maastricht Treaty and Italy's competitiveness problems affected other EMS participants and find evidence for contagion.

Suggested Citation

  • Mandilaras, Alex & Bird, Graham, 2010. "A Markov switching analysis of contagion in the EMS," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1062-1075, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:29:y:2010:i:6:p:1062-1075

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Flavin, Thomas J. & Sheenan, Lisa, 2015. "The role of U.S. subprime mortgage-backed assets in propagating the crisis: Contagion or interdependence?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 167-186.
    2. Walid, Chkili & Chaker, Aloui & Masood, Omar & Fry, John, 2011. "Stock market volatility and exchange rates in emerging countries: A Markov-state switching approach," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 272-292, September.
    3. Cronin, David & Flavin, Thomas J. & Sheenan, Lisa, 2016. "Contagion in Eurozone sovereign bond markets? The good, the bad and the ugly," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 5-8.
    4. Lopes, José Mário & Nunes, Luis C., 2012. "A Markov regime switching model of crises and contagion: The case of the Iberian countries in the EMS," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 1141-1153.
    5. Tabak, Benjamin M. & de Castro Miranda, Rodrigo & da Silva Medeiros, Maurício, 2016. "Contagion in CDS, banking and equity markets," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 120-134.
    6. Gustav A. Horn & Fabian Lindner & Torsten Niechoj, 2011. "Schuldenschnitt für Griechenland - ein gefährlicher Irrweg für den Euroraum," IMK Report 63-2011, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
    7. Troug, Haytem Ahmed & Murray, Matt, 2015. "Crisis Determination and Financial Contagion: An Analysis of the Hong Kong and Tokyo Stock Markets using an MSBVAR Approach," MPRA Paper 68706, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Thomas Flavin & Dolores Lagoa-Varela, 2016. "Are Banking Shocks Contagious? Evidence from the Eurozone," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n268-16.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    9. Chau Le & Dickinson David, 2014. "Asset price volatility and financial contagion: analysis using the MS-VAR framework," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 4(2), pages 133-162, December.
    10. Pappas, Vasileios & Ingham, Hilary & Izzeldin, Marwan & Steele, Gerry, 2016. "Will the crisis “tear us apart”? Evidence from the EU," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 346-360.


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