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The agency problem and the moderating role of culturally based management style on Chinese managers’ discretionary accruals

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  • Beaudoin, Cathy A.
  • Dang, Li
  • Fang, Qiaoling
  • Tsakumis, George T.

Abstract

Upon completion of overseas acquisitions, Western firms typically hire Chinese locals or expatriates to run their Chinese operations. This action is an important consideration because a Western executive's managerial style may impact Chinese employee behavior differently than a Chinese executive's managerial style. Utilizing an experiment with Chinese managers as participants, we examine the effect of the agency problem (when both an incentive and opportunity to act in line with one's self-interest are present) on Chinese managers’ discretionary accrual decisions, as well as the role that their executives’ culturally based management style (Eastern versus Western) plays in affecting their propensity to manage earnings. We find that Chinese managers tend to override corporate concerns and recommend higher discretionary expense accruals in an effort to maximize their two-year bonus potential when the agency problem is present. Conversely, they tend to recommend lower discretionary expense accrual figures to help achieve corporate goals when the agency problem is not present. Interestingly, we also find that an executive's culturally based management style moderates the impact of the agency problem in that Chinese managers’ willingness to manage earnings across agency problem conditions is significantly more pronounced in the presence of a Western (U.S.) executive than in the presence of an Eastern (Chinese) executive.

Suggested Citation

  • Beaudoin, Cathy A. & Dang, Li & Fang, Qiaoling & Tsakumis, George T., 2012. "The agency problem and the moderating role of culturally based management style on Chinese managers’ discretionary accruals," Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 145-155.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jiaata:v:21:y:2012:i:2:p:145-155
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intaccaudtax.2012.07.004
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