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Regulations, earnings management, and post-IPO performance: The Chinese evidence

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  • Kao, Jennifer L.
  • Wu, Donghui
  • Yang, Zhifeng

Abstract

In this study, we examine whether government regulatory initiatives in China involving IPO by SOEs may have contributed to opportunistic behaviors by the issuer. We focus on two sets of IPO regulations issued between January 1, 1996 and February 11, 1999: pricing regulations, which stipulate that IPO prices be a function of accounting performance, and penalty regulations, which penalize IPO firms for overly optimistic forecasts. We find that IPO firms that report better pricing-period accounting performance have larger declines in post-IPO profitability, lower first-day stock returns and worse long-run post-IPO stock performance. Furthermore, IPO firms that make overoptimistic forecasts also have lower first-day returns and worse post-IPO stock performance. Using non-core earnings as the proxy for earnings management, we document some evidence that IPO firms that report higher pricing-period accounting performance have engaged in more income-increasing earnings management. Hence, pricing regulations may have induced IPO firms to inflate pricing-period earnings and affect the post-IPO performance negatively. On the other hand, penalty regulations have deterred IPO firms from making overoptimistic earnings forecast and therefore have a positive impact on the behavior of IPO firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Kao, Jennifer L. & Wu, Donghui & Yang, Zhifeng, 2009. "Regulations, earnings management, and post-IPO performance: The Chinese evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 63-76, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:33:y:2009:i:1:p:63-76
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    1. Roberto Álvarez & Mauricio Jara-Bertín & Carlos Pombo, 2016. "Do institutional investors unbind firm financial constraints? Evidence from emerging markets," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 015114, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    2. Chi, Jianxin (Daniel) & Gupta, Manu, 2009. "Overvaluation and earnings management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1652-1663, September.
    3. Huyghebaert, Nancy & Xu, Weidong, 2015. "What determines the market share of investment banks in Chinese domestic IPOs?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 150-168.
    4. Chen, An-Sing & Cheng, Lee-Young & Cheng, Kuang-Fu & Chih, Shu-Wei, 2010. "Earnings management, market discounts and the performance of private equity placements," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1922-1932, August.
    5. Roy Kouwenberg & Pipat Thontirawong, 2016. "Group affiliation and earnings management of Asian IPO issuers," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 897-917, November.
    6. repec:eee:jocaae:v:10:y:2014:i:3:p:161-175 is not listed on IDEAS
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    8. repec:kap:jbuset:v:142:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10551-015-2752-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:finana:v:52:y:2017:i:c:p:62-76 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Kuo, Jing-Ming & Ning, Lutao & Song, Xiaoqi, 2014. "The Real and Accrual-based Earnings Management Behaviors: Evidence from the Split Share Structure Reform in China," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 101-136.
    11. Chi, Jing & Yang, Jingjing & Young, Martin, 2014. "Mutual funds’ holdings and listed firms’ earnings management: Evidence from China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 62-78.
    12. Di Guo & Kun Jiang & Xiaoting Mai, 2015. "Venture Capital Investment and the Post-IPO Performance of Entrepreneurial Firms: Evidence from the People's Republic of China," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 32(1), pages 113-141, March.
    13. Luo, Yongli & Fang, Fang & Esqueda, Omar A., 2012. "The overseas listing puzzle: Post-IPO performance of Chinese stocks and ADRs in the U.S. market," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 193-211.
    14. Meisam Omidian & Habibollah Nakhaei & Karim Nakhaei, 2016. "Accounting accruals, earnings management and future performance of IPOs," African Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Finance, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(1), pages 25-37.
    15. repec:kap:sbusec:v:48:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9797-7 is not listed on IDEAS
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    18. Haiyan Yin & Jiawen Yang & Jamshid Mehran, 2015. "Do Chinese banks perform better after IPOs?," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 41(4), pages 368-384, April.
    19. Jiang, Guohua & Yue, Heng & Zhao, Longkai, 2009. "A re-examination of China's share issue privatization," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(12), pages 2322-2332, December.
    20. Zhe Shen & Jerry Coakley & Norvald Instefjord, 2014. "Earnings management and IPO anomalies in China," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 69-93, January.
    21. Tadanori Yosano & Christian Nielson Gunnar Rimmel, 2014. "Japanese IPO Intellectual Capital Information Disclosures and the Effects on their Long-Term Stock Price Performance," Discussion Papers 2014-33, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.
    22. Xie, Xiaoying, 2010. "Are publicly held firms less efficient? Evidence from the US property-liability insurance industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1549-1563, July.
    23. Chang, Kiyoung & Kim, Yong-Cheol & Kim, Young Sang & Thornton, John H., 2012. "Unintended regulatory consequences: Evidence from the Korean IPOs," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 292-309.
    24. repec:eee:corfin:v:48:y:2018:i:c:p:726-751 is not listed on IDEAS

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