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Girls’ education and HIV risk: Evidence from Uganda

  • Alsan, Marcella M.
  • Cutler, David M.
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    Uganda is widely viewed as a public health success for curtailing its HIV/AIDS epidemic in the early 1990s. The period of rapid HIV decline coincided with a dramatic rise in girls’ secondary school enrollment. We instrument for this enrollment with distance to school, conditional on a rich set of demographic and locational controls, including distance to market center. We find that girls’ enrollment in secondary education significantly increased the likelihood of abstaining from sex. Using a triple-difference estimator, we find that some of the schooling increase among young women was in response to a 1990 affirmative action policy giving women an advantage over men on University applications.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016762961300088X
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.

    Volume (Year): 32 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 863-872

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:32:y:2013:i:5:p:863-872
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560

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