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The effects of housing and neighborhood conditions on child mortality

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  • Jacob, Brian A.
  • Ludwig, Jens
  • Miller, Douglas L.

Abstract

In this paper we estimate the causal effects on child mortality from moving into less distressed neighborhood environments. We match mortality data covering the period from 1997 to 2009 with information on every child in public housing that applied for a housing voucher in Chicago in 1997 (N=11,680). Families were randomly assigned to the voucher wait list, and only some families were offered vouchers. The odds ratio for the effects of being offered a housing voucher on overall mortality rates is equal to 1.13 for all children (95% CI 0.73–1.70), 1.34 for boys (95% CI 0.85–2.05) and 0.21 for girls (95% CI 0.01–1.04).

Suggested Citation

  • Jacob, Brian A. & Ludwig, Jens & Miller, Douglas L., 2013. "The effects of housing and neighborhood conditions on child mortality," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 195-206.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:32:y:2013:i:1:p:195-206
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.10.008
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    1. Method of the month: Permutation tests
      by Sam Watson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2019-02-20 09:00:22

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    2. Jofre-Bonet, Mireia & Rossello-Roig, Melcior & Serra-Sastre, Victoria, 2024. "Intimate partner violence and children's health outcomes," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 121995, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. Samuel Asumadu-Sarkodie & Phebe Asantewaa Owusu, 2016. "The casual nexus between child mortality rate, fertility rate, GDP, household final consumption expenditure, and food production index," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(1), pages 1191985-119, December.
    4. Boje-Kovacs, Bence & Egsgaard-Pedersen, Aske & Weatherall, Cecilie D., 2021. "Residential mobility and persistent neighborhood deprivation," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C).
    5. Alexander, Diane & Currie, Janet, 2017. "Is it who you are or where you live? Residential segregation and racial gaps in childhood asthma," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 186-200.
    6. Juan Pablo Díaz-Sánchez & Moisés Obaco & Javier Romaní, 2022. "Measuring Overcrowding in Households with Children: Official vs. Actual Thresholds in the Ecuadorian Case," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 15(2), pages 383-398, April.
    7. Fabio Nishimura & Breno Sampaio, 2016. "Efeito Da Habitação Sobre A Mortalidade Infantil: Evidências De Um Desenho De Regressão Descontínua," Anais do XLIII Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 43rd Brazilian Economics Meeting] 198, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    8. Sandler, Danielle H., 2017. "Externalities of public housing: The effect of public housing demolitions on local crime," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 24-35.
    9. John C. Haltiwanger & Mark J. Kutzbach & Giordano Palloni & Henry O. Pollakowski & Matthew Staiger & Daniel H. Weinberg, 2020. "The Children of HOPE VI Demolitions: National Evidence on Labor Market Outcomes," Working Papers 20-39, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    10. Jofre-Bonet, M. & Rossello-Roig, M. & Serra-Sastre, V., 2016. "The Blow of Domestic Violence on Children's Health Outcomes," Working Papers 16/02, Department of Economics, City University London.
    11. Eriksen, Michael D. & Greenhalgh-Stanley, Nadia & Engelhardt, Gary V., 2015. "Home safety, accessibility, and elderly health: Evidence from falls," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 14-24.
    12. Kuehnle, Daniel, 2014. "The causal effect of family income on child health in the UK," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 137-150.
    13. Carr, Jillian B. & Koppa, Vijetha, 2020. "Housing Vouchers, Income Shocks and Crime: Evidence from a Lottery," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 475-493.
    14. Bence Boje-Kovacs & Jane Greve & Cecilie D. Weatherall, 2023. "Neighborhoods and mental health—evidence from a natural experiment in the public social housing sector," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 36(2), pages 911-934, April.
    15. Nav Persaud & Liane Steiner & Hannah Woods & Tatiana Aratangy & Susitha Wanigaratne & Jane Polsky & Stephen Hwang & Gurleen Chahal & Andrew Pinto, 2019. "Health outcomes related to the provision of free, tangible goods: A systematic review," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 14(3), pages 1-29, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Housing vouchers; Mortality; Neighborhoods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • R38 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Government Policy

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