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Externalities and fundamental nonconvexities: A reconciliation of approaches to general equilibrium externality modeling and implications for decentralization

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  • Murty, Sushama

Abstract

Starrett (1972) [33] and Boyd and Conley (1997) [7] approaches to externality modeling are unified by distinguishing between producible and nonproducible public commodities. Nonconvexities are associated with detrimental producible public commodities but not with nonproducible public commodities in Boyd and Conley (1997) [7]. Disposability properties (costly or costless) imply that producible public commodities are either by-products (e.g., pollution) or joint-products (e.g., national defense). Markets fail for both beneficial and detrimental by-products. Nonconvexities imply that price-based equilibria, e.g., Pigovian tax equilibrium, may not be Pareto-efficient. Foley's (1967, 1970) [17] and [18] "public competitive equilibrium" combines price and quantity signals with a unanimity criterion and restores the equivalence between equilibrium and efficiency.

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  • Murty, Sushama, 2010. "Externalities and fundamental nonconvexities: A reconciliation of approaches to general equilibrium externality modeling and implications for decentralization," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 145(1), pages 331-353, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jetheo:v:145:y:2010:i:1:p:331-353
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kenneth Rødseth, 2014. "Efficiency measurement when producers control pollutants: a non-parametric approach," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 211-223, October.
    2. Sushama Murty, 2015. "On the properties of an emission-generating technology and its parametric representation," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 60(2), pages 243-282, October.
    3. Murty, Sushama & Robert Russell, R. & Levkoff, Steven B., 2012. "On modeling pollution-generating technologies," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 117-135.
    4. Sushama Murty, 2012. "On the properties of an emission-generating technology and its parametric representation," Discussion Papers 1202, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
    5. Sushama Murty & R. Robert Russell, "undated". "Modeling emission-generating technologies: Reconciliation of axiomatic and by-production approaches," Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Discussion Papers 16-01, Centre for International Trade and Development, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India.
    6. Jeanneaux, Philippe & Latruffe, Laure, 2016. "Modelling pollution-generating technologies in performance benchmarking: Recent developments, limits and future prospects in the nonparametric frameworkAuthor-Name: Dakpo, K. Hervé," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 250(2), pages 347-359.
    7. K Hervé Dakpo, 2016. "On modeling pollution-generating technologies: a new formulation of the by-production approach," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 16-06, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
    8. Sushama Murty, 2012. "Microfoundations for the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Invoking By-Production, Normality and Inferiority of Emissions," Discussion Papers 1203, Exeter University, Department of Economics.
    9. K Hervé Dakpo & Philippe Jeanneaux & Laure Latruffe, 2014. "Inclusion of undesirable outputs in production technology modeling:The case of greenhouse gas emissions in French meat sheep farming," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 14-08, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
    10. repec:kap:jproda:v:48:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11123-017-0513-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:spr:empeco:v:54:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1183-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Monique Florenzano, 2009. "Walras-Lindahl-Wicksell: What equilibrium concept for public goods provision," Working Papers halshs-00531434, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Externalities Fundamental nonconvexities Clarke's normal and tangent cones Public commodities;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • D50 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - General
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods

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