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Fair agreements for sharing international rivers with multiple springs and externalities

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  • van den Brink, René
  • van der Laan, Gerard
  • Moes, Nigel

Abstract

We consider the problem of sharing water among agents located along a river. Each agent's benefit depends on the amount of water consumed. An allocation of water is efficient when it maximizes total benefits. To sustain an efficient water allocation the agents can compensate each other by monetary transfers. Every water allocation and transfer schedule yield a welfare distribution, where an agent's utility equals its benefit plus (possibly negative) monetary transfer. The problem of finding a fair welfare distribution can be modeled by a cooperative game. We consider river situations with satiable agents and multiple springs. We propose the class of weighted hierarchical solutions, including the downstream incremental solution of Ambec and Sprumont (2002, [3]), as a class of solutions satisfying the ‘Territorial Integration of all Basin States’ principle for sharing water of international rivers. When all agents have increasing benefit functions, every weighted hierarchical solution is core-stable. In case of satiation points, every weighted hierarchical solution is independent of the externalities.

Suggested Citation

  • van den Brink, René & van der Laan, Gerard & Moes, Nigel, 2012. "Fair agreements for sharing international rivers with multiple springs and externalities," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 388-403.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:63:y:2012:i:3:p:388-403
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2011.11.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Houba, Harold & van der Laan, Gerard & Zeng, Yuyu, 2014. "Asymmetric Nash Solutions in the River Sharing Problem," Strategic Behavior and the Environment, now publishers, vol. 4(4), pages 321-360, December.
    2. René Brink & Gerard Laan & Nigel Moes, 2015. "Values for transferable utility games with coalition and graph structure," TOP: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 23(1), pages 77-99, April.
    3. Alcalde-Unzu, Jorge & Gómez-Rúa, María & Molis, Elena, 2015. "Sharing the costs of cleaning a river: the Upstream Responsibility rule," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 134-150.
    4. Gerard van der Laan & Nigel Moes, 2012. "Transboundary Externalities and Property Rights: An International River Pollution Model," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-006/1, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Ambec, Stefan & Dinar, Ariel & McKinney, Daene, 2013. "Water sharing agreements sustainable to reduced flows," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 639-655.
    6. Béal, Sylvain & Rémila, Eric & Solal, Philippe, 2012. "Weighted component fairness for forest games," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 144-151.
    7. René van den Brink & Simin He & Jia-Ping Huang, 2015. "Polluted River Problems and Games with a Permission Structure," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-108/II, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. Erik Ansink & Michael Gengenbach & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2012. "River Sharing and Water Trade," Working Papers 2012.17, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    9. Erik Ansink & Harold Houba, 2014. "The Economics of Transboundary River Management," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-132/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    10. Erik Ansink & Hans-Peter Weikard, 2015. "Composition properties in the river claims problem," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 44(4), pages 807-831, April.
    11. Jorge Alcalde-Unzu & Maria Gomez-Rua & Elena Molis, 2018. "Allocating the costs of cleaning a river; estimating responsibilities versus incentive compatibility," ThE Papers 18/02, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
    12. Sylvain Béal & Amandine Ghintran & Eric Rémila & Philippe Solal, 2012. "The Sequential Equal Surplus Division for Sharing International Rivers with Bifurcations," Working Papers 2012-02, CRESE.
    13. Sarina Steinmann und Ralph Winkler, 2015. "Sharing a River with Downstream Externalities," Diskussionsschriften dp1508, Universitaet Bern, Departement Volkswirtschaft.
    14. van den Brink, René & van der Laan, Gerard & Moes, Nigel, 2013. "A strategic implementation of the Average Tree solution for cycle-free graph games," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 148(6), pages 2737-2748.
    15. Ansink, Erik & Houba, Harold, 2016. "Sustainable agreements on stochastic river flow," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 92-117.
    16. René Brink & Arantza Estévez-Fernández & Gerard Laan & Nigel Moes, 2014. "Independence of downstream and upstream benefits in river water allocation problems," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 43(1), pages 173-194, June.
    17. Harold Houba & Gerard Laan & Yuyu Zeng, 2015. "International Environmental Agreements for River Sharing Problems," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 62(4), pages 855-872, December.
    18. Rene van den Brink & Arantza Estevez-Fernandez & Gerard van der Laan & Nigel Moes, 2011. "Independence Axioms for Water Allocation," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-128/1, Tinbergen Institute.
    19. Anna Khmelnitskaya & Gerard van der Laan & Dolf Talman, 2016. "Centrality Rewarding Shapley and Myerson Values for Undirected Graph Games," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-070/II, Tinbergen Institute.
    20. Béal, Sylvain & Rémila, Eric & Solal, Philippe, 2012. "The sequential equal surplus division for sharing a river," MPRA Paper 37346, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Encarnacion Algaba & René van den Brink & Chris Dietz, 2015. "Power Measures and Solutions for Games under Precedence Constraints," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-007/II, Tinbergen Institute.
    22. Grundel, S. & Borm, P.E.M. & Hamers, H.J.M., 2013. "Resource Allocation Problems with Concave Reward Functions," Discussion Paper 2013-070, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Water allocation; River game; Externality; Core; Hierarchical outcome;

    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies

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