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The subgroup problem: When can binding voting on extractions from a common pool resource overcome the tragedy of the commons?

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  • Bernard, Mark
  • Dreber, Anna
  • Strimling, Pontus
  • Eriksson, Kimmo

Abstract

Using a common pool resource game protocol with voting we examine experimentally how cooperation varies with the level at which (binding) votes are aggregated. Our results are broadly in line with theoretical predictions. When players can vote on the behavior of the whole group or when leaders from each group can vote for the group as a whole, extraction levels from the common resource pool are close to the social optimum. When players extract resources individually, there is substantial overextraction. When players vote in subgroups, there is initially less overextraction but it increases over time. This suggests that in order for binding voting to overcome the tragedy of the commons in social dilemmas, it should ideally affect the group as a whole.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard, Mark & Dreber, Anna & Strimling, Pontus & Eriksson, Kimmo, 2013. "The subgroup problem: When can binding voting on extractions from a common pool resource overcome the tragedy of the commons?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 122-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeborg:v:91:y:2013:i:c:p:122-130
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jebo.2013.04.009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Karen Evelyn Hauge & Ole Rogeberg, 2015. "Representing Others in a Public Good Game," Games, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(3), pages 1-13, September.
    2. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:56:y:2018:i:1:p:381-397 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Martin G. Kocher & Fangfang Tan & Jing Yu, 2018. "Providing Global Public Goods: Electoral Delegation And Cooperation," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 56(1), pages 381-397, January.
    4. Dannenberg, Astrid & Gallier, Carlo, 2019. "The choice of institutions to solve cooperation problems: A survey of experimental research," ZEW Discussion Papers 19-021, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    5. Gallier, Carlo & Langbein, Jörg & Vance, Colin, 2018. "Non-binding Restrictions, Cooperation, and Coral Reef Protection: Experimental Evidence from Indonesian Fishing Communities," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 62-71.
    6. Astrid Dannenberg & Carlo Gallier, 2019. "The Choice of Institutions to Solve Cooperation Problems: A Survey of Experimental Research," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201911, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    7. repec:kap:enreec:v:67:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10640-016-0028-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Raphael Boleslavsky & Bruce Carlin & Christopher Cotton, 2019. "Disincentive Effects of Evaluation," Working Paper 1410, Economics Department, Queen's University.
    9. Yen-Sheng Chiang & Yung-Fong Hsu, 2017. "Direct Election of Group Decision-Makers Can Facilitate Cooperation in the Public Goods Game," Group Decision and Negotiation, Springer, vol. 26(1), pages 197-213, January.
    10. Luca Corazzini & Christopher Cotton & Tommaso Reggiani, 2019. "Delegation And Coordination With Multiple Threshold Public Goods: Experimental Evidence," MUNI ECON Working Papers 2019-02, Masaryk University.
    11. Löschel, Andreas & Sturm, Bodo & Uehleke, Reinhard, 2017. "Revealed preferences for voluntary climate change mitigation when the purely individual perspective is relaxed – evidence from a framed field experiment," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 149-160.
    12. Luca Corazzini & Christopher Cotton & Tommaso Reggiani, 2019. "Delegation And Coordination With Multiple Threshold Public Goods: Experimental Evidence," MUNI ECON Working Papers 2019-02, Masaryk University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Common pool resource; Voting; Polycentricity; Subgroups; Cooperation;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D02 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact

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