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Does bank ownership affect lending behavior? Evidence from the Euro area

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  • Ferri, Giovanni
  • Kalmi, Panu
  • Kerola, Eeva

Abstract

We analyze the differences in lending policies across banks characterized by different types of ownership, using micro-level data on Euro area banks during the period 1999–2011 to detect possible variations in bank lending supply responses to changes in monetary policy. Our results identify a general difference between stakeholder and shareholder banks: following a monetary policy contraction, stakeholder banks decrease their loan supply to a lesser extent than shareholder banks. A detailed analysis of the effect among stakeholder banks reveals that cooperative banks continued to smooth the impact of tighter monetary policy on their lending during the crisis period (2008–2011), whereas savings banks did not. Stakeholder banks’ propensity to smooth their lending cycles suggests that their presence in the economy has the potential to reduce credit supply volatility.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferri, Giovanni & Kalmi, Panu & Kerola, Eeva, 2014. "Does bank ownership affect lending behavior? Evidence from the Euro area," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 194-209.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:48:y:2014:i:c:p:194-209 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2014.05.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Anaïs Périlleux & Annabel Vanroose & Bert D'Espallier, 2016. "Are Financial Cooperatives Crowded out by Commercial Banks in the Process of Financial Sector Development?," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 69(1), pages 108-134, February.
    2. Simon Cornée & Panu Kalmi & Ariane Szafarz, 2015. "Selectivity and Transparency in Social Banking: Evidence from Europe," Working Papers CEB 15-047, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Christopher F Baum & Mustafa Caglayan & Bing Xu, 2017. "Uncertainty Effects on the Financial Sector: International Evidence," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 939, Boston College Department of Economics.
    4. Mare, Davide Salvatore, 2015. "Contribution of macroeconomic factors to the prediction of small bank failures," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 25-39.
    5. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Nuutilainen, Riikka & Weill, Laurent, 2016. "Reserve requirements and the bank lending channel in China," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 37-50.
    6. Simon Cornee & Panu Kalmi & Ariane Szafarz, 2017. "How Costly is Social Screening? Evidence from the Banking Industry," Working Papers CEB 17-026, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    7. Eleni Dalla, 2017. "Monetary policy implications on the investment decision: Do economies of scope in the banking sector matter?," Discussion Paper Series 2017_05, Department of Economics, University of Macedonia, revised Mar 2017.
    8. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2016. "Business cycle and bank lending procyclicality in a dual banking system," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 127-134.
    9. Caglayan, Mustafa & Xu, Bing, 2016. "Sentiment volatility and bank lending behavior," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 107-120.
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    11. Lu, Erin P. & Lai, Gene C. & Ma, Qingzhong, 2017. "Organizational structure, risk-based capital requirements, and the sales of downgraded bonds," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 51-68.
    12. Becker, Christian & Ossandon Busch, Matias & Tonzer, Lena, 2017. "Macroprudential policy and intra-group dynamics: The effects of reserve requirements in Brazil," IWH Discussion Papers 21/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    13. Egarius, Damien & Weill, Laurent, 2016. "Switching costs and market power in the banking industry: The case of cooperative banks," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 155-165.
    14. Anaïs Périlleux & Marthe Nyssens, 2016. "Understanding Cooperative Finance as a New Common," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2016002, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    15. Giovanni Ferri & Angelo Leogrande, 2015. "Was the Crisis due to a shift from stakeholder to shareholder finance? Surveying the debate," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 108, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    16. Meriläinen, Jari-Mikko, 2016. "Lending growth during the financial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis: The role of bank ownership type," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 168-182.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    European banks; Monetary policy transmission; Commercial banks; Savings banks; Cooperative banks; Lending cyclicality;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises

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