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SME financing and the choice of lending technology in Italy: Complementarity or substitutability?

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  • Bartoli, Francesca
  • Ferri, Giovanni
  • Murro, Pierluigi
  • Rotondi, Zeno

Abstract

This paper investigates SME financing in Italy. The literature distinguishes between two main different lending technologies (LTs) for SMEs: transactional and relationship LTs. We find that banks lend to SMEs by using both LTs together, independently of the size and proximity of borrowers. Moreover, we show that the use of soft information decreases the probability of firms being credit rationed. Finally, we find that more soft information is produced when the bank uses relationship LT as primary technology individually or coupled with transactional LT. Our results support the view that LTs can be complementary, but reject the hypothesis that substitutability among LTs is somehow possible for outsiders by means of hardening of soft information.

Suggested Citation

  • Bartoli, Francesca & Ferri, Giovanni & Murro, Pierluigi & Rotondi, Zeno, 2013. "SME financing and the choice of lending technology in Italy: Complementarity or substitutability?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5476-5485.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:12:p:5476-5485
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.08.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. de la Torre, Augusto & Martínez Pería, María Soledad & Schmukler, Sergio L., 2010. "Bank involvement with SMEs: Beyond relationship lending," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 2280-2293, September.
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    8. Degryse, Hans & Van Cayseele, Patrick, 2000. "Relationship Lending within a Bank-Based System: Evidence from European Small Business Data," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 90-109, January.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jeremie Bertrand & Pierluigi Murro, 2018. "Is trade credit a substitute for relationship lending credit?," CERBE Working Papers wpC25, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    2. repec:hal:journl:hal-00952641 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Marco Cucculelli & Valentina Peruzzi & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "Relational capital in lending relationships: Evidence from European family firms," CERBE Working Papers wpC12, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    4. Andrea Bellucci & Alexander Borisov & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "Bank Organization and Loan Contracting in Small Business Financing," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 118, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    5. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Valentina Peruzzi & Zeno Rotondi, 2017. "Bank lending technologies and credit availability in Europe. What can we learn from the crisis?," CERBE Working Papers wpC17, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    6. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro, 2016. "A Credit Crunch Behind the Great Trade Collapse? Micro Evidence From Europe," CERBE Working Papers wpC10, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    7. Peia, Oana & Vranceanu , Radu, 2014. "Optimal Return in a Model of Bank Small-business Financing," ESSEC Working Papers WP1403, ESSEC Research Center, ESSEC Business School.
    8. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:459-490 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Giovanni Ferri & Raoul Minetti & Pierluigi Murro, 2018. "Credit Relationships in the Great Trade Collapse. Micro Evidence From Europe," CERBE Working Papers wpC26, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    10. Ferri, Giovanni & Murro, Pierluigi, 2015. "Do firm–bank ‘odd couples’ exacerbate credit rationing?," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 231-251.
    11. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:587-632 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Marco Cucculelli & Valentina Peruzzi & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "Relational capital in lending relationships: Evidence from European family firms," CERBE Working Papers wpC12, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    13. Giovanni Ferri & Doris Neuberger, 2014. "The Banking Regulatory Bubble and How to Get out of It," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, issue 2, pages 39-69, April-Jun.
    14. Cucculelli, Marco & Peruzzi, Valentina, 2017. "Bank screening technologies and the founder effect: Evidence from European lending relationships," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 229-237.
    15. Meriläinen, Jari-Mikko, 2016. "Lending growth during the financial crisis and the sovereign debt crisis: The role of bank ownership type," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 168-182.
    16. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:3:p:527-554 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Mc Namara, Andrea & Murro, Pierluigi & O'Donohoe, Sheila, 2017. "Countries lending infrastructure and capital structure determination: The case of European SMEs," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 122-138.
    18. Doris Neuberger & Solvig Räthke-Döppner, 2015. "The role of demographics in small business loan pricing," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 411-424, February.
    19. UCHIDA Hirofumi, 2016. "A Comparison of the Lending Technologies between Private and Public Banks," Discussion papers 16023, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    20. repec:taf:oabmxx:v:3:y:2016:i:1:p:1199521 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Atul Teckchandani, 2016. "Bank Ownership and Lending Behaviours: The Relevance of Community Links," Economic Affairs, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(2), pages 168-174, June.
    22. Hyonok KIM & YASUDA Yukihiro, 2015. "Accounting Information Quality and Government Guaranteed Loans: Evidence from Japanese SMEs," Discussion papers 15138, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    23. Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Marco Pini, 2018. "Credit Rationing and the Relationship Between Family Businesses and Banks in Italy," CERBE Working Papers wpC24, CERBE Center for Relationship Banking and Economics.
    24. Ferri, Giovanni & Kalmi, Panu & Kerola, Eeva, 2014. "Does bank ownership affect lending behavior? Evidence from the Euro area," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 194-209.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Lending technologies; Bank–firm relationship; Soft information; Hard information; Small business finance;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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