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How do country regulations and business environment impact foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows?

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  • Contractor, Farok J.
  • Dangol, Ramesh
  • Nuruzzaman, N.
  • Raghunath, S.

Abstract

How do multinationals choose which countries to invest in? This study addresses the essential question of the impact of regulatory variables in attracting or deterring foreign direct investment (FDI). We separate regulatory variables based on different stages of a firm’s life-cycle. Using World Bank data for 189 economies, we examine which host country regulatory factors influence inward FDI. We find that countries with stronger contract enforcement and more efficient international trade regulations attract more FDI. The interaction terms suggest that multinational companies are willing to trade-off a country's poorer institutional variable in return for another where the institutional variable is stronger. For example, multinationals are willing to invest in countries with less efficient entry and exit regulations in exchange for stronger contract enforcement. These results also have important implications for government policy reform.

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  • Contractor, Farok J. & Dangol, Ramesh & Nuruzzaman, N. & Raghunath, S., 2020. "How do country regulations and business environment impact foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(2).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:29:y:2020:i:2:s0969593118305997
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ibusrev.2019.101640
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